Correlation between Estrogen Receptorβ (ERβ), Neurofilament Protein (NF), and Protein Gene Product 9.5 (PGP9.5) Expressions as a Marker of Pain on Adenomyosis Etiopathogenesis

Arief Setiawan, Ruswana Anwar, Tita Husnitawati, Tono Djuwantono, Wiryawan Permadi

Abstract


Adenomyosis is a pathological condition characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium. Endometrial like cells development was influenced by local inflammatory reactions, increases local estradiol due to asynchromatized estrogen synthesis (ERβ) and then stimulated to proliferation and fibrosis, are also irritation on small nerve fibers in women with painful characterized symptoms on adenomyosis. There are expressions of neurofilament protein (NF) and protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) is a highly specific pan-neuronal marker for microfilament nerve fibers and is related to presenting pain with adenomyosis symptoms. A retrospective immunohistochemical study of thirty samples histopathological of adenomyosis as study groups and 30 with control groups between 25–49 ages which were established at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital and the satellites in April 2014–May 2015. This case-control analyzed ERβ, NF, and PGP 9.5 expressions compared and correlation between study groups and controls. The results showed there were significant differences in expression of ERβ, NF, and PGP 9.5 on adenomyosis higher than the control study (p<0.05). The intensity was higher and very strong into the study groups (p<0,001). Cut off point of ERβ was more than>6(sensitivity 66.7%; specificity 70%), NF>3 (sensitivity 93%; specificity 46%), PGP 9.5>4 (sensitivity 90%; specificity 67%). Odds Ratio (CI 95%) ERβ>6= 4.67; NF >3=12.25; PGP 9.5 >4=24.75 (p<0.001). The value of histoscore of ERβ and PGP9.5 have correlates to adenomyosis, the differences were statistically significant (p<0.05). The conclusion were that the adenomyosis had higher ERβ, NF, and PGP 9.5 expressions. There are simultant correlates and positive values between ERβ, NF, and PGP9.5 based on etiophatogenesis of pain on adenomyosis.


Keywords


Adenomyosis, estrogen receptors β(ERβ), protein neurofilament (NF), protein gene product 9.5(PGP9.5)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v53n4.2363

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