Alcohol Addiction and Cognitive Function among Café Visitors at South Jakarta

Andrew Suwadi, Dharmady Agus, Stefanus Lembar


Background: Alcohol addiction has an acute and chronic impact, and may cause cognitive function impairment, in the form of interference in decision making and impulse control, as well as impaired motor function. Furthermore, research on alcohol addiction and cognitive function has not been widely studied in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between alcohol addiction and cognitive function among café visitors at South Jakarta.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study, conducted among cafévisitors at South Jakarta in 2018. The respondents of this study were individuals who have consumed alcohol in the last 12 months and not consumed narcotics, psychotropic, and other addictive substances except nicotine and caffeine. Alcohol addiction among respondent was assessed by the CAGE questionnaire and cognitive function was assessed by the MoCA-Ina questionnaire. Statistical analysis was determined by Chi Square test.

Results: In total, 80 respondents consisting of 57 men and 23 women met the study criteria, 67.5% of respondents have experienced alcohol addiction and 85.2% have experienced poor cognitive function. There was a strong association between alcohol addiction and cognitive function among café visitors (p=0.000; OR=44.083).

Conclusions: Individual with alcohol addiction has a poor cognitive function compared with people without alcohol addiction. Therefore, awareness of the adverse effects of alcohol addiction on cognitive function among community is needed and thus, people are expected to distance from alcohol addiction.


Alcohol addiction; cognitive function; cafe visitors

Full Text:



Shield KD, Parry C, Rehm J. Chronic diseases and conditions related to alcohol use. Alcohol Res Curr Rev. 2014;35(2):155–71.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2018.

World Health Organization. Global status report on alcohol and health 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.

White A, Hingson R. The burden of alcohol use. Alcohol Res Curr Rev. 2014;35(2):201–18.

Williams N. The CAGE Questionnaire. Occup Med(Lond). 2014;64(6):473–4.

Alarcon R, Nalpas B, Pelletier S, Perney P. MoCA as a screening tool of neuropsychological deficits in alcohol-dependent patients. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015;39(6):1042–8.

Triyono, Irdawati, Dian Nur W. Gambaran persepsi peminum alkohol tentang dampak kesehatan pada peminum alkohol di Dukuh Mendungan. 2014. [cited 2019 March 7]. Available from:

Kanny D, Naimi TS, Liu Y, Lu H, Brewer RD. Annual total binge drinks consumed by US adults, 2015. Am J Prev Med. 2018;54(4):486–96.

Zhan W, Shaboltas AV, Skochilov RV, Kozlov AP, Krasnoselskikh TV, Abdala N. Gender differences in the relationship between alcohol use and depressive symptoms in St. Petersburg, Russia. J Addict Res Ther. 2012;3(2):1000124.

Amit N, Hasking P, Manderson L. Demographic factors associated with alcohol use among young men in rural areas of Sarawak. Addiction Research and Theory. 2013;21(5):391–401.

Maula LK, Yuniastuti A. Analisis faktor yang mempengaruhi penyalahgunaan dan adiksi alkohol pada remaja di Kabupaten Pati. Public Health Perspective Journal. 2017;2(2):168–74.

Gofir A, Rusdi I, Susianti NA, Wiratama AD, Lutfi A. Comparison of cognitive function between rural and urban populations in Yogyakarta province-Indonesia. Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 2017;381(Suppl):327–8.

Sharma D, Padam A, Gharu Y, Sharma D, Sharma S. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with alcohol dependence: A cross-sectional study. Nat J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018;8(3):337–40.

Sabia S, Elbaz A, Britton A, Bell S, Dugravot A, Shipley M, et al. Alcohol consumption and cognitive decline in early old age. Neurology. 2014;82(4):332–9.

Squeglia LM, Jacobus J, Tapert SF. The effect of alcohol use on human adolescent brain structures and systems. Handb Clin Neurol. 2014; 125:501–10.

Squeglia LM, Jacobus J, Tapert SF. The influence of substance use on adolescent brain development. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2009;40(1):31-8.

Lisdahl KM, Thayer R, Squeglia LM, McQueeny TM, Tapert SF. Recent binge drinking predicts smaller cerebellar volumes in adolescents. Psychiatry Res. 2013;211(1):17–23.

Bava S, Jacobus J, Thayer RE, Tapert SF. Longitudinal changes in white matter integrity among adolescent substance users. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013;37(Suppl 1):E181–9.

McKay JR, Hiller-Sturmhöfel S. Treating alcoholism as a chronic disease: approaches to long-term continuing care. Alcohol Res Health. 2011;33(4):356–70.

Willenbring ML. Gaps in clinical prevention and treatment for alcohol use disorders: costs, consequences, and strategies. Alcohol Res. 2014;35(2):238–43.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1140 times
PDF - 564 times

 This Journal indexed by




Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats