Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second and Forced Vital Capacity in Bronchial Asthma Patients in Relation with Asthma Exercise

Atika Andianti, Vita Murniati Tarawan, Hendarsyah Suryadinata

Abstract


Background: Aerobic physical activity is one of the non-pharmacology management approaches of asthma. The Asthma Foundation of Indonesia (Yayasan Asma Indonesia, YAI) has designed an aerobic physical activity for people with asthma, known as Asthma Exercise. Asthma exercise is expected to increase the overall functional capacity of the lungs. One way to measure lung function is by measuring the score of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC). The objective of the study was to explore the difference in FEV1 and FVC between bronchial asthma patients with and without asthma exercise.

Methods: This study involved asthma patients from the Bandung Asthma Association (Perhimpunan Asma Bandung, PAB) who did asthma exercise (n=28), and as control patients from the Pulmonology Clinic in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital were selected who did not do asthma exercise. The research data used were primary data from the spirogram examination. Asthma patients were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. This research used unpaired numerical comparative analytical hypothetical tests with a cross-sectional design.

Results: The study showed the mean of FEV1 and FVC in the group with asthma exercise (1.6107±0.3780L and 2.0396±0.3465L) was higher than the group without asthma exercise (1.3750±0.4702L and 1.7164±0.4632L). Statistical difference test using independent t-test indicated a score of p=0.044 for FEV1 and p=0.005 for FVC between the two groups.

Conclusions: There are significant differences in FEV1 and FVC between bronchial asthma patients with and without asthma exercise. Furthermore, asthma exercise is recommended for asthma patients to improve their lung function.

 


Keywords


Asthma exercise; FEV1; FVC

Full Text:

PDF

References


Global Initiative for Asthma. GINA reports 2015, Global Strategy For Asthma Management and Prevention. Fontana USA: Global Initiative for Asthma; 2015.

Global Initiative for Asthma. GINA reports 2012, Global Strategy For Asthma Management and Prevention. Fontana USA: Global Initiative for Asthma; 2012.

Nikmah SN, Purba A, Defi IR. Efektivitas latihan Incentive Spirometry dengan latihan pernapasan diafragma terhadap fungsi paru, kapasitas fungsional, dan kualitas hidup penderita asma bronkial alergi. MKB. 2014;46(1):39–47.

McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Exercise physiology: nutrition, energy, and human performance. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.

Dogra S, Kuk J, Baker J, Jamnik V. Exercise is associated with improved asthma control in adults. Eur Respir J. 2011;37(2):318–23.

Farid R, Azad FJ, Atri AE, Rahimi MB, Khaledan A, Talaei-Khoei M, et al. Effect of aerobic exercise training on pulmonary function and tolerance of activity in asthmatic patients. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005;4(3):133–8.

Sahat CS, Irawaty D, Hastono SP. Peningkatan kekuatan otot pernapasan dan fungsi paru melalui senam asma pada pasien asma. JKI. 2011;14(2):101–6.

Fatima SS, Rehman R, Saifullah, Khan Y. Physical activity and its effect on forced expiratory volume. J Pak Med Assoc. 2013;63(3):310–2.

Hutapea MD, Angliadi A. Perbandingan FEV1 (Forced Expiratory Volume In One Second) pada mahasiswa yang aktif dan tidak aktif berolahraga. Jurnal eclinic. 2013;1(1).

Sharma G, Goodwin J. Effect of aging on respiratory system physiology and immunology. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(3):253–60.

Choi IS. Gender-specific asthma treatment. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2011;3(2):74–80.

Raton R, Polii R, Marunduh SR. Pengaruh latihan aerobik terhadap forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) pada mahasiswa pria dengan kelebihan berat badan (Overweight). Jurnal e-Biomedik. 2013;1(2):884–9.

Handayani RN, Agustiningsih D, Djunaedi A. Effect of swimming and asthmatic exercise on forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and levels of cortisol hormone in asthmatic patients. J Med Sci. 2012;44(1):78–83.

Mendes FA, Almeida FM, Cukier A, Stelmach R, Jacob-Filho W, Martins MA, et al. Effects of aerobic training on airway inflammation in asthmatic patients. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(2):197–203.

Vieira RP, Claudino RC, Duarte AC, Santos ÂB, Perini A, Faria Neto HC, et al. Aerobic exercise decreases chronic allergic lung inflammation and airway remodeling in mice. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;176(9):871–7.

Turner S, Eastwood P, Cook A, Jenkins S. Improvements in symptoms and quality of life following exercise training in older adults with moderate/severe persistent asthma. Respiration. 2011;81(4):302–10.

Heikkinen SA, Quansah R, Jaakkola JJ, Jaakkola MS. Effects of regular exercise on adult asthma. Eur J Epidemiol. 2012;27(6):397–407.

Scichilone N, Morici G, Zangla D. Effects of exercise training on airway responsiveness and airway cells in healthy subjects. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2010;109(2):288–94.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15850/amj.v7n2.1781



 This Journal indexed by

                         

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats