Korelasi Kadar Limfosit dengan Nilai P/F Rasio pada Pasien COVID-19 Derajat Berat

Yazid Bustomi, Reza Widianto Sudjud, Ardi Zulfariansyah

Abstract


Virus SARS-CoV-2 menyebabkan penyakit pernapasan akut yang disebut COVID-19 dan menyebabkan pandemi global. Limfopenia adalah salah satu kelainan laboratorium utama pada pasien COVID-19 derajat berat yang mengalami ARDS dengan penurunan P/F rasio. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis korelasi kadar limfosit dengan P/F rasio pada pasien COVID-19 derajat berat. Penelitian dilakukan di ICU COVID-19 RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dengan menelusuri rekam medik pada periode Januari hingga Juli 2021. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian observasional analitik dengan rancangan kohort retrospektif menggunakan model pendekatan waktu secara longitudinal atau time period approach. Penilaian dilakukan pada saat subjek dirawat pada hari ke-1, 3, dan ke-7 di ICU COVID-19 RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Uji normalitas data numerik menggunakan uji Shapiro Wilk didapatkan hasil data berdistribusi tidak normal. Selanjutnya, pada penelitian ini dilakukan uji korelasi Spearman. Tidak terdapat korelasi antara kadar limfosit dan P/F rasio pada pasien COVID-19 derajat berat (p=0,125; R=0,126). Didapatkan sebagian besar pasien COVID-19 derajat berat memiliki kadar limfosit <1.000 uL dan P/F rasio <150 mmHg (p<0,05). Simpulan, tidak terdapat korelasi antara kadar limfosit dan P/F rasio pada COVID-19 derajat berat, walaupun pada sebagian besar kasus COVID-19 derajat berat didapatkan penurunan limfosit dan P/F rasio.

 

Keywords


COVID-19; Limfosit; P/F rasio

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v11n1.2793

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