Profil Morbiditas dan Mortalitas Layanan Anestesi dan Pembedahan Pasien Geriatri di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Periode Februari–April Tahun 2021

Stefi Berlian Soefviana, Ezra Oktaliansah, Radian Ahmad Halimi

Abstract


Pasien geriatri dapat meningkatkan angka kejadian morbiditas dan mortalitas saat mendapat tindakan anestesi dan pembedahan. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui profil morbiditas dan mortalitas layanan anestesi dan pembedahan pasien geriatri di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin periode Februari–April tahun 2021. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif observasional secara retrospektif terhadap rekam medis pasien yang mendapat tindakan anestesi di kamar operasi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan Februari–April tahun 2021. Hasil penelitian didapatkan karakteristik pasien dengan rerata usia 66 tahun, jenis kelamin laki-laki 51,0 %, IMT normal sebanyak 51,7%, status non covid 100%, komorbiditas hipertensi 30,2%, operasi elektif sebanyak 86,5%. Jenis tindakan operasi terbanyak dari bagian bedah digestif sebanyak 28,9%, status ASA 2 sebanyak 79,2%, dan tindakan anestesi umum sebanyak 69,8%. Simpulan, angka kejadian morbiditas dan mortalitas layanan anestesi dan pembedahan pasien geriatri di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin bulan Februari sampai April 2021 didapatkan morbiditas sebanyak 105 pasien (70,4%) dan mortalitas sebanyak 10 pasien (6,7%). Morbiditas dan mortalitas terbanyak ditemukan pada wanita, 18,5–24,9 kg/m2 komorbid hipertensi, operasi emergensi, ASA ≥3, dan anestesi umum.

 

Keywords


Anestesi; geriatri; morbiditas; mortalitas

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v11n1.2792

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