Gambaran Penggunaan, Obat, Teknik, dan Permasalahan yang Dihadapi pada Blokade Kaudal di Kota Bandung Tahun 2016

Handoyo Harsono, Doddy Tavianto, Suwarman Suwarman

Abstract


Penanganan nyeri pada pasien anak merupakan tantangan yang cukup besar bagi dokter spesialis anestesi. Blokade kaudal merupakan salah satu teknik anestesi regional yang mudah dan sangat efektif sebagai analgetik pada anak yang menjalani operasi di bawah umbilikus. Data yang diperoleh dari Inggris dan Irlandia selama bulan April sampai dengan Juni 2008 menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan blokade kaudal masih rendah ( 61% ). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui penggunaan, obat, teknik, dan masalah yang dihadapi pada blokade kaudal di Kota Bandung. Penelitian dilakukan selama bulan Maret hingga April 2018. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan  menggunakan kuesioner yang diberikan kepada 70 dokter spesialis anestesi di kota Bandung yang direspons oleh 64 orang (78%) dengan mengembalikan kuesioner. Dari penelitian ini didapatkan dokter spesialis anestesi yang melakukan blokade kaudal pada tahun 2016 sebesar 55%. Blokade kaudal digunakan untuk kombinasi anestesi dan analgesik pascaoperasi pada 62% responden. Teknik yang digunakan dalam blokade kaudal ini adalah blind technique tanpa alat bantu. Obat yang paling sering digunakan adalah bupivakain (91%). Permasalahan yang dihadapi di Kota Bandung yang mengakibatkan rendahnya penggunaan blokade kaudal adalah keterbatasan waktu tindakan (20%) dan ketersediaan obat dan alat (23%).

Kata kunci: Blokade kaudal, bupivakain, teknik buta


Overview on Usage, Drug, Technique and Problems on Caudal Blockade Procedure in Bandung City on 2016

Pediatric pain management in pediatric is a big challenge for anesthesiologists. The caudal blockade is one of the easy and highly effective analgesic approaches for surgical procedure below umbilicus in children. Data from Ireland and United Kingdom show that the application of caudal blockade is relatively low (61%). The aim of this study was to explore the drug, technique, and challenges faced in caudal blockade application in Bandung City. This study was conducted from March to April 2018. This was a descriptive study using a questionnaire distributed to 70 anesthesiologist in Bandung city. The response rate was 77.65% (64 persons). This study found that 59.09% anesthesiologist had performed caudal block during 2016 which was used for anesthesia and post-operative analgesics by 61,54% respondents. Blind technique was used in this procedure without using additional equipment. The most frequently used was bupivacaine (97.44%). The low application of caudal block in Bandung during 2016 was caused by the limited time for the procedure (23.44%) and the availability of drug and equipment (23.44%).

Key words: Caudal block, Bupivacaine, Blind technique



Keywords


Blokade kaudal, bupivakain, teknik buta

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v6n3.1487

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