Sindrom Burnout pada Peserta Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran

Dessy Sutoyo, Rudi Kurniadi Kadarsah, Iwan Fuadi

Abstract


Sindrom burnout didefinisikan sebagai kelelahan kronik yang mencakup tiga komponen, yaitu kelelahan emosional, depersonalisasi, dan berkurangnya kepuasan terhadap pencapaian pribadi. Peserta Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis (PPDS) berisiko tinggi mengalami kelelahan dan sindrom burnout akibat beban kerja yang tinggi yang dihadapi baik dalam hal melakukan pelayanan dalam bidang anestesi dan beban dalam pendidikannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui angka kejadian sindrom burnout pada peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran (FK Unpad). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dan pendekatan kuesioner yang dilakukan pada peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif FK Unpad yang masih aktif dan memberikan pelayanan di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan April 2018 sebanyak 89 orang. Dilakukan penilaian menggunakan kuesioner yang mencakup data demografik, pendidikan dan pekerjaan, pencapaian prestasi pribadi, serta maslach burnout inventory yang sudah diterjemahkan. Hasil penelitian didapatkan angka kejadian sindrom burnout pada peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif FK Unpad adalah 44%. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah angka kejadian sindrom burnout pada peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif FK Unpad cukup tinggi, yaitu 44%. 

Kata kunci: Depersonalisasi, kelelahan emosional, maslach burnout inventory, peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif, sindrom burnout


Burnout Syndrome among Anesthesiology Residents in Universitas Padjadjaran

Burnout syndrome is defined as chronic exhaustion that is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a sense of low professional accomplishment. The main component of this syndrome is emotional exhaustion. Residents who are being trained in anesthesiology and intensive therapy  department have s high risk to exhaustion that will lead to burnout syndrome due to stressful environment and high work load in both medical service and medical education. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of burnout syndrome among residents in Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study on 89 residents that was performed in April 2018. Assessment was performed using a questionnaire on demographic, education, personal achievement, and medical service data as well as the translated Maslach Burnout Inventory to reveal the incidence of burnout syndrome among residents of Anesthesiology and Intensive therapy department, faculty of medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran. From the analysis, it was discovered that 44% of the residents experienced burned out syndrom. In conclusion, the incident of burn out syndrome among residents of Anesthesiology and Intensive Therapy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran is high.

 

Key words: Anesthesiology and intensive care residents, burnout syndrome, depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, Maslach burnout inventory



Keywords


Depersonalisasi; kelelahan emosional; Maslach Burnout Inventory; peserta PPDS Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif; sindroma burnout

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v6n3.1360

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