Perbandingan Pemberian Informasi Verbal dengan Presentasi Video Terhadap Pengetahuan Prosedur Anestesi Umum pada Pasien yang Akan Menjalani Operasi di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Yodi Suryo Arnanto, Ruli Herman Sitanggang, Nurita Dian Kestriani Saragi Sitio

Abstract


Informasi mengenai indikasi, tujuan, prosedur, risiko, manfaat, dan alternatif tindakan anestesi yang akan dilakukan harus disampaikan kepada pasien. Pemberian informasi dilakukan secara verbal atau lisan pada saat proses persetujuan tindakan kedokteran. Kemampuan pasien yang berbeda-beda dalam menerima dan memahami informasi dapat menjadi penyebab tujuan penyampaian informasi tidak tercapai. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan pemberian informasi verbal dengan presentasi video terhadap pengetahuan prosedur anestesi umum pada pasien yang akan menjalani operasi di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Penelitian dilakukan pada 6 Februari–31 Maret 2018 dengan metode cross-sectional randomized study dan melibatkan 40 orang pasien yang akan menjalani operasi di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Dilakukan penilaian pengetahuan subjek mengenai prosedur anestesi umum dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Data numerik dianalisis dengan uji t tidak berpasangan dan data kategorik dianalisis menggunakan uji chi-square. Penelitian ini memberikan hasil bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara pemberian informasi dan metode verbal maupun presentasi video terhadap pengetahuan prosedur anestesi umum pada pasien (p>0,05). Sebagai simpulan, penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa presentasi video yang tidak dibuat sesuai dengan kaidah pembelajaran kognitif dan teori multimedia tidak memberikan pengetahuan yang lebih baik dibanding dengan metode verbal.

Kata kunci: Pengetahuan prosedur anestesi umum, pemberian informasi verbal, persetujuan tindakan kedokteran, presentasi video


Comparison of Verbal and Video Presentation Method of Information Disclosure on Knowledge on General Anesthesia Procedure among Patients Undergoing Surgery in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Information on the indication, purpose, procedure, risks, benefits, and alternatives of any medical action should be disclosed to the patient. Patient should be given verbal information on any medical action he/she was about to undergo during the informed consent process. The variations in patient’s ability to accept and understand information given to them could hinder the purpose of information disclosure during informed consent. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of video presentation on general anesthesia procedure on the knowledge of patients who were going to undergo surgery. This was a randomized cross-sectional study conducted from February 6–March 31, 2018 involving 40 patients who were about to undergo surgery in Dr Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Afterwards, patient knowledge on the general anesthesia procedure was assessed. The numerical data were analyzed by unpaired t test and categorical data were analyzed using Chi-Square analysis. This study showed that there was no significant difference between verbal and video presentation method of giving information on patient’s knowledge regarding the general anesthesia procedure (p>0.05). In conclusion, a video presentation which is designed without paying attention to the principles of cognitive learning and multimedia theories does not lead to better knowledge compared to the verbal method.

Key words: Informed consent, patient’s knowledge about general anesthesia procedure, verbal disclosure, video presentation



Keywords


Pengetahuan prosedur anestesi umum, pemberian informasi verbal, persetujuan tindakan kedokteran, presentasi video

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v6n3.1351



 

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