Ethanol Extract of Stylissa carteri Induces Cell Death in Parental and Paclitaxel-Resistant Cervical Cancer Cells

Isna Nisrina Hardani, Fachreza Aryo Damara, Annisa Dewi Nugrahani, Muhammad Hasan Bashari


Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxic effects of ethanol extract from marine sponge Stylissa carteri in both parental and paclitaxel-resistant HeLa cervical cancer cells.

Methods: This was an experimental in-vitro study subjected ethanol extract from Stylissa carteri obtained from Pramuka Island, Kepulauan Seribu National Park, Jakarta. Both parental and paclitaxel-resistant HeLa cells were treated with ethanol extract followed by microscopic observation and MTT assay. The IC50 and drug curves were analyzed using four-parametric logistic regression by SigmaPlot for Windows version 12.0 from Systat Software Inc., USA.

Results: Ethanol extract from Stylissa carteri triggered cell death-associated morphological changes in parental Hela cells. It demonstrated cytotoxic activities with an IC50 value of 1 ppm. Importantly, this extract also triggered cell death in paclitaxel-resistant HeLa cells. The IC50 of ethanol extract of Stylissa carteri was 4 ppm in paclitaxel-resistant HeLa cells.

Conclusions: There is a potential cytotoxic activity of Stylissa carteri that is not only confirmed in parental HeLa cells but also in paclitaxel-resistant HeLa cells.

Keywords: Cervical cancer, paclitaxel resistance, HeLa cells, cytotoxicity
assay, Stylissa carteri


DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n2.1378


Cervical cancer; paclitaxel resistance; HeLa cells; cytotoxicity assay; Stylissa carteri

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