Correlation between Birth Length, Growth, and Development among Children in Rempoah Village Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia

Sahda Vania Salsabiila, Qodri Santosa, Vitasari Indriani, Kurniawati Arifah, Joko Setyono

Abstract


Background: The first 1,000 days of life are the foundation for growth and development of children in the next period. Birth length may represent growth and development during the intrauterine life. This study aimed to explore the correlation of birth length, growth, and development in children.

Methods: This was analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. Total sampling was taken, obtaining 368 children aged 6−60 months in several Integrated Service Post (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu, Posyandu), conducted from October to November 2018. Data were gathered from the book of Maternal and Child Health (Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak, KIA), including birth length, body length/height, and nutritional status using weight-for-length/height index. Data were analyzed by Spearman and Eta test.

Results: Birth length was not correlated with nutritional status (p=0.108, r=0.084), but had a good correlation with body length/height (p=0.027, r=0.115) and development based on the KIA book (F calculated > F table, Ƞ=0.245).

Conclusions: There is a correlation between birth length and body length/height as well as a correlation between birth length and development based on the KIA book. It is important for the community and health workers to monitor growth and development of children, by maximizing the use of KIA book.


Keywords


birth length; development; growth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beal T, Tumilowicz A, Sutrisna A, Izwardy D, Neufeld. A review of child stunting determinants in Indonesia. Matern Child Nutr. 2018;14(4):e12617.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Hasil utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) tahun 2018. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2018.

Trihono, Atmarita, Tjandrarini DH, Irawati A, Utami NH, Tejayanti F, et al. Pendek (stunting) di Indonesia, masalah, dan solusinya. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan; 2015.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Laporan Provinsi Jawa Tengah Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2019.

Supariasa I, Bakri B, Fajar I. Penilaian status gizi. 2nd Ed. Jakarta: EGC; 2016.

Nurmalasari RG, Widyastuti Y, Margono M. Hubungan panjang badan lahir dengan perkembangan anak usia 3–24 bulan di Kabupaten Gunungkidul tahun 2017. Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak. 2017;11(1):57–61.

Utami NH, Rachmalina R, Irawati A, Sari K, Rosha BC, Amaliah N, et al. Short birth length, low birth weight and maternal short stature are dominant risks of stunting among children aged 0–23 months: evidence from Bogor longitudinal study on child growth and development, Indonesia. Malays J Nutr. 2018;24(1):11–23.

Hairunis MN, Salimo H, Dewi YLR. Hubungan status gizi dan stimulasi tumbuh kembang dengan perkembangan balita. Sari Pediatri. 2018;20(3):146–51.

Kirkegaard H, Möller S, Wu C, Häggström J, Olsen SF, Olsen J, et al. Associations of birth size, infancy, and childhood growth with intelligence quotient at 5 years of age: a Danish cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020;112(1):96–105.

Grantham-Mcgregor SM, Fernald LCH, Kagawa RMC, Walker S. Effects of integrated child development and nutrition interventions on child development and nutritional status. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2014;1308:11–32.

Prastiwi MH. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak usia 3–6 tahun. JIKSH. 2019;8(2):242–9.

Dardjito E, Sistiarani C, Nurhayati S. Deteksi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan balita melalui penggunaan buku KIA. Kesmas Indonesia. 2014;6(3):166–75.

Rahman MS, Howlader T, Masud MS, Rahman ML. Association of low-birth weight with malnutrition in children under five years in Bangladesh: do mother’s education, sosio-economic status, and birth interval matter? PLoS One. 2016;11(6):e0157814.

Akombi BJ, AghoKE, Hall JJ, Wali N, Renzaho AMN, Merom D. Stunting, wasting, and underweight in Sub-saharan Africa: a systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017;14(8):863−81.

Ariati NN, Fetria A, Padmiari IAE, Purnamawati AAP, Sugiani PPS, Suarni NN. Description of nutritional status and the incidence of stunting children in early childhood education programs in Bali-Indonesia. Bali Med J. 2018;7(3):723−6.

Araújo CLP, Hallal PC, Nader GA, Menezes AMB, Victora CG. Size at birth and height in early adolescence: a prospective birth cohort study. Cad Saúde Publica. 2008;24(4):871–8.

Svefors P, Rahman A, Ekström EC, Khan AI, Lindström E, Persson LÅ, et al. Stunted at 10 years: linear growth trajectories and stunting from birth to pre-adolescence in a Rural Bangladeshi Cohort. PloS One. 2016;11(3):e0149700.

Jelenkovic A, Yokoyama Y, Sund R, Hur YM, Harris JR, Brandt I, et al. Associations between birth size and later height from infancy through adulthood: an individual based pooled analysis of 28 twin cohorts participating in the CODATwins project. Early Hum Dev. 2018;120:53–60.

Latif RVN, Istiqomah N. Determinan stunting pada siswa SD di Kabupaten Pekalongan. Unnes J Public Health. 2017;6(1):68−74.

Larson LM, Yousafzai AK. A meta-analysis of nutrition interventions on mental development of children under-two in low- and middle-income countries. Matern Child Nutr. 2017;13(1):e12229.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15850/amj.v8n4.2369

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 570 times
PDF - 321 times



 This Journal indexed by

                  

          

 

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats