The Pattern of Iodine Food Source Intake in Early Adolescents in Junior High School in Jatinangor

Siti Nur Fatimah, Che Wan Nurdamia, Faisal Faisal


Background: Iodine is one of the essential micronutrients for normal growth, development, and metabolism throughout life. Studies about the pattern of iodine food source intake in Indonesia are lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the current pattern of iodine food source intake among early adolescents.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, the pattern of iodine food source intake in early adolescents aged 11–14 years attending Junior High School in Jatinangor Sumedang, Indonesia was assessed from September to October 2014, by validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Eating patterns were divided into four categories based on Indonesian Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA).

Results: The average iodine daily intake of the subjects was 356.27 mcg. The highest frequency of the iodine intake category was adequate in students aged 11–12 years old (100%), compared to aged 13–14 years old (79.2%).

Conclusions: The daily iodine intake in Junior High School students is sufficient. Further assessment in areas elsewhere in West Java needs to be conducted to have a better picture of the pattern of iodine food source intake in adolescents.


Early adolescents, food source, iodine intake

Full Text:



Mansourian M, Marateb HR, Kelishadi R, Motlagh ME, Aminaee T, Taslimi M, et al. First growth curves based on the World Health Organization reference in a Nationally–Representative Sample of Pediatric Population in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA): the CASPIAN–III study. BMC Pediatr. 2012;12:149.

World Health Organization. Nutrition in adolescence: issues and challenges for the health sector: issues in adolescent health and development. Geneva: WHO Press; 2005.

Mondal N, Sen J. Prevalence of stunting and thinness among rural adolescents of Darjeeling district, West Bengal, India. Italian J Pub Health. 2010;7(1):54–61.

Gunnarsdottir Ir, Dahl L. Iodine intake in human nutrition: a systematic literature review. Food Nutr Res. 2012;56:19731.

Andersson M, Karumbunathan V, Zimmermann MB. Global iodine status in 2011 and trends over the past decade. J Nutr. 2012;142(4):744–50.

Zimmerman MB, Ito Y, Hess SY, Fujieda K, Molinari L. High thyroid volume in children with excess dietary iodine intakes. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81(4):840–4.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia No. 75 Tahun 2013 tentang Angka Kecukupan Gizi yang Dianjurkan bagi bangsa Indonesia. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2013. p. 5–10.

Taib SM, Isa ZM. Dietary iodine from interview–based semi–quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire: correlation with 24h Dietary Recall. Pakistan J Nutr. 2013;12(7):688–91.

Imdad S, Muzaffar R, Shoukat MS. Evaluation of impact of dietary pattern on iodine and thyroid status of adolescent girls in Lahore. Biomedica. 2013;29(3):139–46.

Semba RD, de Pee S, Hess SY, Sun K, Sari M, Bloem MW. Child malnutrition and mortality among families not utilizing adequately iodized salt in Indonesia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008;87(2):438–44.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 339 times
PDF - 338 times

 This Journal indexed by




Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats