Correlation between Maternal Hemoglobin Level and Birth Weight

Syifa Fauziyah Safithri, Nia Kania, Aly Diana


Background: Pregnant women are susceptible to have anemia, marked by hemoglobin level <11gr/dL. Maternal hemoglobin levels may influence the nutritional transfer, oxygenation, and uteroplacental circulation of the babies which may affect the infant’s birth weight. This study aimed to explore the correlation between hemoglobin level and birth weight in pregnant women in rural area in Bandung.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from August to September 2014, recruiting all pregnant women registered in a hospital in a rural areas Bandung. Hemoglobin level was obtained from the medical records and analyzed to correlate with birth weight (Pearson correlation).

Results: In total, there were 95 pregnant women included. The mean of maternal hemoglobin level was 11.6±1.2gr/dL and birth weight was 2.927±398gram. The proportion of maternal anemia and low birth weights were 30.5% and 15.8%, respectively. Pearson correlation test showed r=-0.093 and p=0.369 which was not significant.

Conclusions: There was no correlation between maternal hemoglobin level and birth weight. Other factors for low maternal hemoglobin need to be further explored.



Birth weight, hemoglobin, maternal

Full Text:



Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2013.

Lee AI, Okam MM. Anemia in pregnancy. Hematol Oncol Clin N Am. 2011;25(2):241–59.

Muthayya S. Maternal nutrition and low birth weight. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130(5):600–8.

Cunningham FG, Gant NF, Leveno KJ, Gilstrap LC, Hauth JC, Wenstrom KD. Williams Obstetrics. 23rded. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2010.

United Nations Children’s Fund and World Health Organization. Low birthweight:country, regional and global estimates. New York: UNICEF; 2004.

Madaan G, Bhardwaj AK, Narang S, Sharma P. Effects of third trimester maternal hemoglobin upon newborn anthropometry. J Nepal PaediatrSoc. 2013;33(3):186–9.

Setiawan A, Lipoeto NI, Izzah AZ. Hubungan kadar hemoglobin ibu hamil trimester III dengan berat bayi lahir di Kota Pariaman. JKA. 2013;2(1):34–7.

Demmouche A, Lazrag A, Moulessehoul S. Prevalence of anemia in pregnant women during the last trimester : consequense for birth weight. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2011;15(4):436–45.

Khanal V, Zhao Y, Sauer K. Role of antenatal care and iron supplementation during pregnancy in preventing low birth weight in Nepal:comparison of national surveys 2006 and 2011. Arch Public Health. 2014;72(1):4–13.

Kumar SG, Kumar HH, Jayaram S, Kotian M. Determinants of low birth weight: a case control study in a district hospital in Karnataka. Indian J Pediatr. 2010;77(1):87–9.

Nobile CG, Raffaele G, Altomare C, Pavia M. Influence of maternal and social factors as predictors of low birth weight in Italy. BMC Public Health. 2007;7(1):192–200.

Matin A, Azimul S, Matiur A, Shamianaz S, Shabnam J, Islam T. Maternal socioeconomic and nutritional determinants of low birth weight in urban area of Bangladesh. J Dhaka Med Coll. 2008;17(2):83–7.

Dasgupta A, Basu R. Determinants of low birth weight in a Block of Hooghly, West Bengal. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(4):838–42.

Francis S, Nayak S. Maternal haemoglobin level and its association with pregnancy outcome among mothers. NUJHS. 2013;3(3):96–100.

Ahmad MO, Kalsoom U, Sughra U, Hadi U, Imran M. Effect of maternal anaemia on birth weight. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2011;23(1):77–9.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 698 times
PDF - 523 times

 This Journal indexed by




Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats