Demographic and Risk Factors of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Stroke Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in 2007–2016

Sabrina Putri Lofissa, Paulus Anam Ong, Nur Atik


Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage stroke is a type of stroke which is considered to have a higher mortality risk than ischemic stroke. Preventive programs are needed to minimize stroke cases by reducing the risk factors. This study aimed to identify the demographic and risk factors of intracerebral hemorrhage stroke patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in 2007–2016.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional study. Data were obtained from Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital medical resume January 2007- December 2016 by total sampling.  Subjects of this study were intracerebral hemorrhage stroke patients hospitalized in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. The period of study was from August 2016 until May 2017. Variables included in this study were gender, occupation, education level, age; risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia, and kidney disease. The collected data were presented in percentage.

Results: The highest demographic prevalence in 10 years was in female, non-occupational person, elementary school graduate, and frequently found in the 50-59 age group. The highest risk factor was hypertension, but it slightly decreased from 78.8% in 2007-2008 to 55.3% in 2015-2016, followed by dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia which increased in 2007-2008 and 2015-2016. (Dyslipidemia: from 8.1% to 23.8%; Hyperuricemia: from 2.5% to11.2%; Diabetes Mellitus: from 6.6% to 8.9%).

Conclusions: The demographic of intracerebral hemorrhage stroke shows a high prevalence found in females, older age, non-occupational persons, and elementary school graduates. Among the risk factors, hypertension is most likely to happen in ten years.



Demography; intracerebral hemorrhage stroke; risk factors

Full Text:



Kammersgaard LP. Hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes compared: Stroke severity, mortality, and risk factors. Stroke. 2009;40(6):2068–72.

Herzig R, Vlachová I, Mareš J, Gabryš M, Šaňák D, Školoudík D, et al. Occurrence of diabetes mellitus in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Acta Diabetol. 2007;44(4):201–7.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Litbangkes; 2013.

World Health Organization. WHO Statistical Profile. Geneva:WHO; 2015.

Kementerian Badan Litbangkes. Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta: Badan Litbangkes; 2014.

Jahirul MS, Choudhury H, Chowdhury TI, Nayeem A. Modifiable and Non-Modifiable Risk Factors of Stroke : A Review Update. J Natl Inst Neurosci Bangladesh. 2015;1(1):22–6.

Grysiewicz RA, Thomas K, Pandey DK. Epidemiology of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke : Incidence, Prevalence, Mortality, and Risk Factors. Neurol Clin NA. 2008;26(4):871–95.

Reeves MJ, Bushnell CD, Howard G, Gargano JW, Duncan PW, Lynch G, et al. Sex differences in stroke : epidemiology, clinical presentation , medical care , and outcomes. Lancet Neurol. 2008;7(10):65–74.

Sorgi BA, Dean SC, Meekins K, Chen P, Ph D, Halpern CT, et al. Lifestyle and Behavior in Young Adulthood : The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Add Healtth. 2015;2(2):1–8.

Hyun-ju J, Kim-ki J, Chun-in A, Ok-kon M. The relationship between stroke patients ’ socio-economic conditions and their quality of life : the 2010 Korean community health survey. J Phys Ther Sci 2015;27(3):2–5.

Clougherty JE, Souza K, Cullen MR. Work and its role in shaping the social gradient in health. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010;1186(1):102–24.

Honjo K, Iso H, Ikeda A, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Education level and physical functional limitations among Japanese community residents-gender difference in prognosis from stroke. BMC public health. 2009;9(1):1–8.

Donnell MJO, Xavier D, Liu L, Zhang H, Chin SL, Rao-melacini P, et al. Risk factors for ischaemic and intracerebral haemorrhagic stroke in 22 countries (the INTERSTROKE study): a case-control study. Lancet. 2010;376(9735):116-23

Davisson RL. Hypertension and Cerebrovascular Dysfunction. Cell metab. 2009;7(6):476–84.

Caceres JA, Goldstein JN. Intracranial Hemorrhage. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2013;30(3):771–94.

Qi L, Ding X, Tang W, Li Q, Mao D, Wang Y. Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Dyslipidemia in. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(10):13455–65.

Mehrpour M, Khuzan M, Najimi N, Motamed MR. Serum uric acid level in acute stroke patients. MJIRI. 2012;26(2):66–72.

Khella S, Bleicher MB. Stroke and its prevention in chronic kidney disease. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2007;2(6):1343–51.

Takahashi T, Harada M, Kikuno T, Ujihara M, Sadamitsu D, Manabe Y, et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in stroke patients: a prospective multicenter study in Japan. Acute Med Surg. 2014;1(1):17–22.

Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 269/Menkes/Per/III/2008. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2008.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1188 times
PDF - 522 times

 This Journal indexed by




Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats