Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior Related to Antibiotic Use in Community Dwellings

Rocci Jack Parse, Eva Mardiana Hidayat, Bachti Alisjahbana


Background: Irrational antibiotic use is the major reason for insidence of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic misuse in community is influenced by environmental and behavioral factors. Environment included community preference for purchasing antibiotics, lack of health care infrastructure, lack of general practitioner and policy in regulating  antibiotic use. Behavior is influenced by lack of information in antibiotic use and unawareness of antibiotic resistancy. The aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding antibiotic use in community dwellings.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out to 96 respondents who were selected by a rapid survey sampling method in Cileles village Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia in August 2013. Data were collected using questionnaires. The data was analyzed in the form of frequency and percentage.

Results: Out of 96 respondents, only 40.6% had good knowledge regarding antibiotic use, 12.5% of respondents were prescribed antibiotics, but in the last course did not purchased all the antibiotics prescribed by the clinician and 55.2% of respondents did not complete their treatment course.

Conclusions: Most of the community still have poor knowledge regarding antibiotic use and its consequences such as allergy, and resistancy based on the knowledge questions has a total score ≤6. Their attitude and behavior regarding antibiotic use are still poor which is also based on  incompletion of the antibiotic treatment and irregular use.

DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1082


Antibiotic, attitude, behavior, knowledge

Full Text:



Sedyaningsih ER. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 2406/MENKES/PER/XII/2011. Jakarta. 2011.

Brunton L, Blumenthal D, Buxton I, Parker K. Goodman and Gilman’s manual of pharmacology and therapeutics. 11th ed. United States of America. Mcgraw-Hill. 2007. p. 950−70.

Sahoo K C, Tamhankar A J, Johansson E, Lundborg C S. Antibiotic use, resistance development and environmental factors: a qualitative study among healthcare professionals in Orissa, India. BMC Public Health. 2010;1:1−10.

Hadi U, Broek Pvd, Kolopaking EP, Zairina N, Gardjito W, Gyssens IC. Cross-sectional study of availability and pharmaceutical quality of antibiotics requested with or without prescription (Over The Counter) in Surabaya, Indonesia. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2010; 10:203.

Foster SP, Boyd SM, Edgar TP. Patient behaviors and beliefs regarding antibiotic use. Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics 2010;1:1−3.

Shehadeh M, Suaifan G, Darwish M, Wazaify M, Zaru L, Alja’fari S. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding antibiotics use and misuse among adults in the community of Jordan. A pilot study. Saudi Pharm J. 2012;20(2):125−33.

Buke C, Hosgor-Limoncu M, Ermertcan S, Ciceklioglu M, Tuncel M, Köse T, et al. Irrational use of antibiotics among university students. J Infect. 2005;51(2):135−9.

Notoatmodjo S. Promosi kesehatan dan ilmu perilaku. PT.RINEKA CIPTA: Jakarta. 2010.

Spellberg B, Bartlett JG, Gilbert DN. The Future of Antibiotics and Resistance. N Engl J Med. 2013;368(4):299−302.

Maryandi D. Gunakan Antibiotik Secara Tepat Untuk Mencegah Ke kebalan Kuman, Peringatan Hari Kesehatan Sedunia. Jakarta. 2011. p. 3.

Gruchalla RS, Pirmohamed M. Antibiotic allergy. N Engl J Med. 2006;354(6):601−9.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1027 times
PDF - 541 times

 This Journal indexed by


Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats