Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence in Women aged 20–59 years in Community Dwellings

Ratuafni Shafrina Wardani, Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Amillia Siddiq


Background: Urinary incontinene (UI) is the symptomof involuntary leakage of urine. Three types of urinary incontinence are stress UI, urge UI, and mixed UI. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary UI in women and to identify the most common type of UI.

Methods: A descriptive study was conducted to 191 women age 20–59 in two villages in West Java, Indonesia. Subjects were visited door-to-door and interviewed using a standardized questionnaire for data collection. The study was conducted in February 2014. The variables of this study were age, parity, and the prevalence of urinary incontinence. The collected data were presented using frequency tabulation and percentage.

Results: From 191 respondents, thirty eight subjects had UI. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was 19.90% which consisted of prevalence of stress UI (7.33%), urgency UI (9.43%), and mixed UI (3.14%). The prevalence of UI in 20–29 year age group was 3.23%, 30–39 year age group was 9.72%, 40–49 year age group was 27.69%, and 50–59 year age group was 52.17%. Prevalence of UI in nulliparous women was 5%, primiparous was 10.25%, multiparous with 2 childbirths was 23.61%, and multiparous with 3 childbirths or more was 26.67%.

Conclusions: Prevalence of UI in women in community dwelling is 19.90%, which is higher than previous study from Indonesia and other Asian countries. Urgency UI is the most common type of UI. Prevalence of UI increases with age and parity.


DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1070


Community Dwellings, prevalence, urinary incontinence, women

Full Text:



Wall LL. Lower urinary tract disorder. Berek & novak’s gynecology. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2007. p. 849–96.

Kwon BE, Kim GY, Son YJ, Roh YS, You MA. Quality of life of women with urinary incontinence : a systematic literature review. Int Neurourol J. 2010;14(3):133–8.

Hoffman B, Schorge J, Schaffer J, Halvorson L, Bradshaw K, Cunningham F. Urinary incontinence. Williams gynecology. 2nd ed. Dallas: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.; 2012. p. 606–30.

Suparman E, Rompas J. Urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women. Maj Obstet Ginekol Indones. 2011;32(1):48–54.

Sumardi R, Mochtar CA, Junizaf, Santoso BI, Setiati S, Nuhonni SA, et al. Prevalence of urinary incontinence, risk factors and its impact: multivariate analysis from Indonesian nationwide survey. Acta Med Indones. 2014;46(3):175–82.

Santoso BI. Urinary Incontinence in Female Patients. Maj Kedokt Indon. 2011;58(07):258–64.

Kasiulevičius V, Šapoka V, Filipavičiūtė R. Sample size calculation in epidemiological studies. Gerontologija. 2006;7(4):225–31.

Bradley CS, Rahn DD, Nygaard IE, Barber MD, Nager CW, Kenton KS, et al. The questionnaire for urinary incontinence diagnosis (QUID): Validity and responsiveness to change in women undergoing non-surgical therapies for treatment of stress predominant urinary incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010;29(5):727–34.

Hsieh C-H, Su T-H, Chang S-T. Prevalence of and attitude toward urinary incontinence in Taiwanese women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005;88(2):152–3.

Cornu J. Urinary incontinence symptoms stratification: the devil Is in the details. Eur Urol. 2012;61(1):96–7.

Hsieh C-H, Su T-H, Chang S-T, Lin S-H, Lee M-C, Lee MY. Prevalence of and attitude toward urinary incontinence in postmenopausal women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2008;100(2):171–4.

Milsom I, Coyne KS, Nicholson S, Kvasz M, Chen C-I, Wein AJ. Global prevalence and economic burden of urgency urinary incontinence: a systematic review. Eur Urol. 2014;65(1):79–95.

Ghafouri A, Alnaimi AR, Alhothi HM, Alroubi I, Alrayashi M, Molhim NA, et al. Urinary incontinence in Qatar: A study of the prevalence, risk factors and impact on quality of life. Arab J Urol. 2014;12(4):269–74.

Botlero R, Davis SR, Urquhartb DM, Shortreedb S, Bell RJ. Age-specific prevalence of, and factors associated with, different types of urinary incontinence in community-dwelling Australian women assessed with a validated questionnaire. Maturitas. 2009;62(2):134–9.

Danforth K, Townsend M, Lifford K, Curhan G, Resnick N, Grodstein F. Risk factors for urinary incontinence among middle-aged women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;194(2):339–45.

Zhu L, Li L, Lang J, Xu T, Wong F. Epidemiology of mixed urinary incontinence in China. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010;109(1):55–8.

McAninch J. Symptom of disorders of genitourinary tract. Smith’s general urology. 17 ed. California: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2008. p. 30–8.

Nguyen H. Bacterial infections of the genitourinary tract. Smith’s general urology. 17th ed. California: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2008. p. 193–218.

Hsieh C-H, Lee M-S, Lee M-C, Kuo T-C, Hsu C-S, Chang S-T. Risk s for urinary incontinence in Taiwanese women aged 20-59 years. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;47(2):197–202.

Price N, Dawood R, Jackson SR. Pelvic floor exercise for urinary incontinence: A systematic literature review. Maturitas. 2010;67(4):309–15.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 800 times
PDF - 393 times

 This Journal indexed by




Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats