Jarak antara Saraf Femoralis dan Arteri Femoralis pada Daerah Lipat Inguinal Orang Dewasa dengan Menggunakan Pencitraan Ultrasonografi untuk Panduan Letak Penyuntikan Blokade Saraf Femoralis

Nur Intan Nasution, Dedi Fitri Yadi, A. Muthalib Nawawi

Abstract


Blokade saraf femoralis merupakan salah satu metode blokade saraf perifer yang digunakan untuk memfasilitasi operasi ekstremitas bawah. Blokade femoralis memiliki efek analgesia perioperatif yang efektif dengan sedikit efek samping sistemik, penurunan kebutuhan opioid serta mobilisasi lebih awal dan murah. Arteri femoralis digunakan sebagai penanda anatomis pada blokade saraf femoralis karena letaknya berdekatan dengan saraf femoralis. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui jarak titik tengah saraf femoralis terhadap titik tengah arteri femoralis di daerah lipatan inguinal orang dewasa menggunakan pencitraan ultrasonografi untuk membantu keberhasilan blokade saraf femoralis. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif analisis. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 43 subjek sukarelawan berusia 18–60 tahun dengan indeks massa tubuh normal. Penelitian telah dilakukan bulan September–Oktober 2014 di Departemen Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif Fakultas Kedokteran Unpad dan Central Operating Theatre (COT) lantai 4 Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Analisis data menggunakan Uji Mann-Whitney dan uji t. Hasil penelitian, jarak rata-rata titik tengah arteri femoralis terhadap titik tengah saraf femoralis pada laki-laki  1,075±0,13 cm dan pada perempuan 1,069±0,13 cm. Simpulan penelitian, jarak arteri femoralis dan saraf femoralis 1,07 cm lateral terhadap arteri femoralis.

Kata kunci: Blokade saraf femoralis, saraf femoralis, ultrasonografi

Distance between Femoral Nerve and the Femoral Artery at the Level of Inguinal Crease with Ultrasound as a Guid for Femoral Nerve Block Injection

Abstract

The femoral nerve block is one the peripheral nerve block methods that are used to falicitate lower extremity surgical procedures. The advantages of femoral nerve block include an effective perioperative analgesia with minimum systemic side effects, lower dosage of opioids, early mobilization and cost effective. This study aimed to measure the distance from the mid point of the femoral nerve to the mid point of the femoral artery at the level of inguinal crease of adults with ultrasound guidance that will determine the success rate of femoral nerve block. A descriptive analytic study involving 43 volunteer subjects aged 18–60 years was performed at the Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran and Central Operating Theatre (COT) of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung between September and October 2014. Statistical analysis are using Mann-Whitney test and independent t-test. Results showed that the average distance from the mid point of the femoral nerve to the mid point of the femoral artery in male was 1.075±0.13 cm and in female was 1.069±0.13 cm. This study  conclude that the average distance of femoral artery to the femoral nerve is 1.07 cm lateral to the femoral artery.

Key words: Femoral nerve, femoral nerve block, ultrasonography

 

DOI10.15851/jap.v3n3.610


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