Perbandingan Parasetamol dengan Ketorolak Intravena Sebagai Analgesia Pre-emtif terhadap Skala Nyeri Pascabedah Labioplasti pada Pasien Pediatrik

Muhamad Adli Boesoirie, Ezra Oktaliansah, Tatang Bisri

Abstract


Parasetamol dan ketorolak merupakan analgetik yang biasa digunakan pada tatalaksana nyeri ringan hingga sedang. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan efek analgesi pre-emtif parasetamol 20 mg/kgBB dengan ketorolak 0,5 mg/kgBB pada pasien pediatrik pascabedah labioplasti yang diukur menggunakan skala nyeri face, legs, activity, crying, consolability (FLACC). Penelitian eksperimental secara uji acak tersamar buta ganda terhadap 66 pasien pediatrik usia 6 bulan–12 tahun dengan status fisik American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I–II. Penelitian dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Oktober 2013–Mei 2014. Pasien dibagi menjadi dua kelompok perlakuan, yaitu kelompok parasetamol (P) dan ketorolak (K) yang diberikan 15 menit prabedah. Analisis statistika diuji menggunakan uji-t independen, Mann-Whitney, dan Eksak Fisher. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa skala FLACC pada kelompok ketorolak pada jam ke-1, 2, 4, 6, dan 24 lebih rendah secara bermakna (p<0,05) dibanding dengan kelompok parasetamol. Simpulan, skala FLACC pemberian ketorolak 0,5 mg/kgBB prabedah pada pasien labioplasti lebih rendah dibanding dengan parasetamol 20 mg/kgBB.

Kata kunci: Analgetik, analgesia pre-emtif, ketorolak, labioplasti, parasetamol, skala FLACC

Comparison between Intravenous Paracetamol and Ketorolac as Preemptive Analgesia on Postoperative Pain Scale in Pediatric Patients Undergo Labioplasty


Ketorolac and paracetamol are common analgetics used to treat mild to moderate pain. This study compared the efficacy of preemptive analgesia measured using face, legs, activity, crying, consolability (FLACC) scale between groups receiving 20 mg/kgBW paracetamol (P) and 0.5 mg/kgBW ketorolac (K) for pediatric labioplasty procedure. This experimental study is a are double-blind randomized trial against 66 pediatric patients aged 6 months–12 years with the physical status of the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) I–II. The study was conducted in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung during the period of October 2013–May 2014. The P and K groups received 20 mg/kgBW paracetamol and 0.5 mg/kgBW ketorolac, respectively, 15 minutes preoperatively. Data were analyzed statistically using independent-t, Mann-Whitney, and Fischer’s Exact Test. Results showed that the difference between FLACC scale in P and K groups  was statistically significant (p<0.05). In conclution, FLACC scale in patients who received ketorolac 0.5 mg/kgBW is lower than patients who received paracetamol 20 mg/kgBW.

Key words: Analgetics, FLACC scale, ketorolac, labioplasty, paracetamol, preemptive analgesia

 

DOI: 10.15851/jap.v3n1.573


Keywords


Analgetik, analgesia pre-emtif, ketorolak, labioplasti, parasetamol, skala FLACC

Full Text:

PDF



 

This Journal indexed by:

               

 
Creative Commons License
JAP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats