Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Nyeri Punggung Bawah di Lingkungan Kerja Anestesiologi Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Meilani Patrianingrum, Ezra Oktaliansah, Eri Surahman

Abstract


Nyeri punggung bawah (NPB) merupakan masalah kesehatan yang banyak dialami oleh tenaga kesehatan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui prevalensi dan faktor risiko nyeri punggung bawah di lingkungan kerja anestesiologi dan terapi intensif Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin (RSHS) Bandung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan rancangan studi potong silang. Subjek penelitian meliputi seluruh peserta pendidikan dokter spesialis (PPDS) dan konsulen anestesiologi di RS Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode bulan April─Juni 2014. Analisis data dilakukan dengan uji chi-kuadrat, Eksak Fisher dan Kolmogorov Smirnov. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi nyeri punggung bawah yang timbul setelah masuk dalam lingkungan kerja anestesiologi di RSHS adalah 35,7%. Faktor risiko yang signifikan adalah kebiasaan merokok (RR 1,35)  dan kurang olahraga (RR 80,04). Faktor posisi saat melakukan tindakan anestesi signifikan menimbulkan nyeri punggung bawah. Simpulan, prevalensi nyeri punggung bawah setelah masuk lingkungan kerja anestesiologi RSHS Bandung adalah 35,7% dengan faktor risiko adalah merokok dan kurang olahraga. Faktor posisi selama melakukan tindakan anestesi bersama-sama dengan faktor risiko lain mungkin turut memperberat nyeri punggung bawah.

Kata kunci: Anestesi, faktor risiko, nyeri punggung bawah, prevalensi

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Lower Back Pain in the Anesthesiology Workplace in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung

Abstract

Lower back pain (LBP) is a common health problem in many health professionals. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors causing lower back pain in the anesthesiology workplace at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital General Bandung. This research is a descriptive study with cross-sectional design. Subjects on this research were the anesthesiology residents and consultants in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung between April and June 2014. Data analysis was performed by chi-square, Exact Fisher and Kolmogorov Smirnov. The results showed that the prevalence of lower back pain that arises after entering the anesthesiology workplace in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung was 37.5%. The significant risk factors were smoking (RR 1.348)  and lack of exercise (RR 80.04) while the position factor during conducting anesthesia did not significantly cause lower back pain. The conclusions of this study indicate that the prevalence of low back pain that arises after entering the anesthesiology and intensive therapy workplace in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung is 37.5%.  In addition, the risk factors that significantly cause lower back pain in the anesthesiology and intensive therapy workplace in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung were smoking and lack of exercise. The position factor during conducting anesthesia together with other risk factors may contribute to the arising of lower back pain.

Key words: Anesthesia, lower back pain, prevalence, risk factors

 

DOI: 10.15851/jap.v3n1.379

  

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