Mula dan Lama Kerja Levobupivakain untuk Blokade Peribulbar pada Operasi Vitrektomi di Pusat Mata Nasional Rumah Sakit Mata Cicendo Bandung

Ari Saptadi, Iwan Fuadi, Rudi Kurniadi Kadarsah

Abstract


Blokade peribulbar dapat memfasilitasi operasi vitrektomi dengan terciptanya akinesia yang baik. Tujuan penelitian ini meneliti mula kerja dan lama kerja levobupivakain untuk blokade peribulbar pada operasi vitrektomi. Penelitian observasional dilakukan pada 64 pasien di kamar operasi lantai 3 di Pusat Mata Nasional Rumah Sakit Mata Cicendo Bandung selama bulan Maret−April 2014. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan metode simple random sampling. Penilaian keberhasilan blokade peribulbar menggunakan sistem Ocular Anasthetic Scoring System (OASS). Pada penelitian ini didapatkan mula kerja rata-rata 23,6±3,7 menit, tercepat 16 menit dan paling lambat 30 menit serta lama kerja rata-rata 5,34±0,5 jam, paling pendek 4,5 jam dan paling panjang 7 jam. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah levobupivakain sebagai anestetik lokal dengan mula kerja dan lama kerja yang cukup baik digunakan pada operasi vitrektomi dengan teknik blokade peribulbar di Pusat Mata Nasional Rumah Sakit Mata Cicendo Bandung.

Kata kunci: Blokade peribulbar, levobupivakain, mula kerja, lama kerja obat, Ocular  Anasthetic Scoring System (OASS)

Onset and Duration of Levobuvacaine in Peribulbar Block for Vitrectomy in National Eye Centre of Eye Hospital Cicendo Bandung

Abstract

Peribulbar block can facilitate good akinesia for vitrectomy. The aim of this study was to observes the onset and duration of levobupivacaine in peribulbar block for vitrectomy. This observational research of 64 patients was conducted at the operating theater in the National Eye Center of Eye Hospital Cicendo Bandung from March−April 2014. Samples were colected using simple random sampling method. The success of the peribulbar block was assessed with Ocular Anasthetic Scoring System (OASS). The results on this study shows that the onset of levobupivacaine action was around 23.6±3.7 minutes with an action duration of 5.34±0.5 hours. It is concluded that the use of levobupivacaine for peribulbar block in eye surgery (vitrectomy) in National Eye Center of Eye Hospital Cicendo Bandung is acceptable.

Key words: Peribulbar block, levobupivacaine, onset, duration of drug, ocular achinetic scoring system

 

DOI: 10.15851/jap.v3n1.373

  

Keywords


Blokade peribulbar; levobupivakain; mula kerja; lama kerja obat; Ocular Anasthetic Scoring System (OASS)

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