Association of Ki-67 Expression and Response of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Invasive Breast Cancer Patients in Bandung

Andri Rezano, Chen En Pan, Afrida Aizzatun Istiqomah, Almira Zada

Abstract


Objective: To analyze the association of Ki-67 expression and response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with invasive breast cancer.   

Methods: A retrospective observational study on the association of Ki-67 expression and response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with invasive breast cancer was conducted. This study included twenty-five female patients with invasive breast cancer who met the inclusion criteria. Parameters analyzed were age, tumor size, and immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67. Size of the tumor at pre- and post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy were obtained in cm3 and compared between 3 groups of Ki-67 expression levels. One way ANOVA was used to perform the statistical analysis. 

Results: A significant difference in changes of tumor size for Ki-67 level >20% compared to <14% and 14–20% was seen. Based on the result, neoadjuvant chemotherapy was proven to have similar effects in patients with Ki-67 expression of <14% and 14–20% but less effective in patients with Ki-67 expression of >20%. 

Conclusions: Low to modest expression of Ki-67 was a better biomarker to predict the response of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with invasive breast cancer compared to high expression of Ki-67. However, the cut-off value of 20% could be ideal to predict the outcome of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with invasive breast cancer.

 

DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v6n2.1374


Keywords


Breast cancer, Ki-67, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, invasive breast cancer, tumour.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15850/1374

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