Gender, Age, Marital Status, and Education as Predictors to Quality of Life in Elderly: WHOQOL-BREF Indonesian Version

Sharon Gondodiputro, Aghnia Rizki Hidayati, Lina Rahmiati


Objectives: To analyze the quality of life in elderly based on gender, age, marital status and education.

Methods: An  analytic study involving 88 elderly lived in 6 villages in Jatinangor, one of suburb areas in West Java, Indonesia. The study was carried out in June 2017. The inclusion criteria in the study were men and women, ≥60 years old, could communicate with bahasa, and mini mental state examination (MMSE) scored ≥23. The variables in the study were gender, age, marital status, and education. Quality of life (QoL) was measured using translated WHOQOL-BREF. Collected data in the study were analyzed statistically by performing cCi square, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, Post hoc using Wilcoxon, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results: The study discovered that all of the respondents had low QoL score (≤60). The lowest score was the result of physical  domain. There was no significant QoL difference between men and women (p value was >0.05) but a significant QoL difference regarding to age, marital status and education level was found in the study (p value was ˂0.05).

Conclusions: Elderly in suburb area had low QoL and there was Qol difference regarding to age, marital status, and educational level.

Keywords: Education level, elderly, gender, marital status, quality of life


Education level, elderly, gender, marital status, quality of life


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