Relationship between Gymnastics Exercise and Insomnia in Elderly

Fauziah Nurillah Nasa, Sharon Gondodiputro, Lina Rahmiati


Objectives: To analyze the relationship between gymnastics exercise and insomnia in elderly.

Methods: This study involved 60 elderly as the respondents. The respondents were divided into two groups, group 1 was elderly who practiced gynmastics exercise and group 2 was elderly who did not practice gymnastics exercise. The members of group 1 were enrolled from 3 gymnastic groups in 3 villages in Jatinangor, West Java, Indonesia and the members of group 2 were elderly who lived in the same villages as well as the members of group 1. The inclusion criteria were elderly women, could communicate with comprehensive language, and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score was >23. Particularly for group 1, additional criteria were elderly who did gynmastics exercise minimal once in a month. Insomnia level was determined by using insomnia severity index (ISI). Moreover, the study was carried out in June 2017. Homogeneity of the groups was examined using proportion difference test and the data were analyzed using chi-square test and one way ANOVA.

Results: Insomnia prevalence was 56.6% but insomnia prevalence in group 2 was higher (43.3%) when compared to group 1 (13.3%). This study discovered that there was significant relationship between gymnastics exercise and insomnia in elderly. 

Conclusions: Gymnastics exercise is a promising nonpharmacologic therapy to treat insomnia in elderly.

Keywords: Elderly, insomnia, gymnastics exercise


Elderly, insomnia, gymnastics exercise


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