Association of Body Mass Index to Onset of Puberty in Male

Jeevithaambigai Subramaniam, Yulia Sofiatin, R.M. Ryadi Fadil


Background: Puberty is the period where the developmental process takes place, marks the transition from childhood to adulthood with physical and physiological changes. This study was conducted to discover association between body mass index (BMI) and onset of puberty in male.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to November 2013 using simple random sampling which was part of bigger research study by Nutrition and Metabolism Working Group on Jatinangor Cohort, especially Puberty Survey in Jatinangor, by Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran. Respondents were 286 males, 9–15 years old from Elementary School (Sekolah Dasar/SD) and Junior High School (Sekolah Menengah Pertama/SMP). Inclusion criteria were students who are healthy at the time and do did not have obvious disease, attained puberty within 1 year or did not yet attained it, and voluntarily followed the study procedure. The questionnaire was provided after getting informed consent from the respondents. The data analysis was done conducted using Pearson Correlation.

Results: The magnitude of association of BMI to the onset of puberty in male among school students in Jatinangor was 0.243 which showed there was positive correlation coefficient between BMI to onset of puberty in male. Test results with the t-test showed t-value of 2.683 with p-value of 0.008.

Conclusions: There is association of BMI to the onset of puberty in male among school students in Jatinangor. Positive correlation indicates that the higher the BMI, the faster the onset of puberty in male. [AMJ.2016;3(1):12–16]


DOI: 10.15850/amj.v3n1.697


Body mass index, male students, nutritional status, onset of puberty, wet dream

Full Text:



Mendle J, Ferrero J. Detrimental psychological outcomes associated with pubertal timing in adolescent boys. Developmental Review. 2011;32(1):49‒66.

Bond L, Clements J, Bertalli N, Evans-Whipp T, McMorris BJ, Patton GC, et al. A comparison of self-reported puberty using the Pubertal Development Scale and the Sexual Maturation Scale in a school-based epidemiologic survey. J Adolesc. 2006;29(5):709‒20.

Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynecologic endocrinology & infertility.

th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.

Rogol AD, Roemmich JN, Clark PA. Growth at puberty. J Adolesc Health. 2002;31(6):192‒200.

Berek JS. Berek & Novak's gynecology. 14th ed. California: Lippincott Will & Wilkin; 2007.

Downing J, Bellis MA. Early pubertal onset and its relationship with sexual taking, substance use and anti-social behaviour: a preliminary cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2009;9(1):446.

Lee JM, Kaciroti N, Appugliese D, Corwyn RF, Bradley RH, Lumeng JC. Body mass index and timing of pubertal initiation in boys. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010;164(2):139‒44.

Gardner D, Dolores S. Greenspan's basic & clinical endocrinology. 8th ed. San Francisco: McGraw-Hill; 2007.

Jaruratanasirikul S, Yuenyongwiwat S, Kreetapirom P, Sriplung H. Age of onset of pubertal maturation of Thai boys. J Pediat Endocrinol Metab. 2013;16:1‒6.

Rajeev A. Correlation of body mass index and total body fat with physical activity pattern in adolescents. Int J Diabetes Dev Ctries. 2009;29(3):139‒42.

Tremblay L, Lariviere M. The influence of puberty onset, body mass index, and pressure to be thin on disordered eating behaviors in children and adolescents. Eat Behav. 2009;10(2):75‒83.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


This Journal indexed by:



Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License


View My Stats