Attitude and Behavior towards Self-medication using Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Paracetamol among Housewives in Hegarmanah Village, Jatinangor

Kuswinarti Kuswinarti, Aisyah Binti Mohamad Rohim, Siti Aminah

Abstract


Background: The use of drugs by self-medication is widely practiced worldwide. One of the most common drugs used without prescription is analgesic and this is predominantly used among housewives since they are sometimes suffering from minor ailments due to house chores burden. The study aimed to explore the attitude and behavior of Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) and paracetamol usage among housewives in Jatinangor, West Java-Indonesia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed from August–November 2013. After informed consent, housewives living in Hegarmanah village, Jatinangor were included by filling in a validated questionnaire to assess the level of attitude and behavior of NSAIDs and paracetamol usage. The data were presented in percentages. The score was given and categorized as good, moderate and poor for both attitude and behavior.

Results: Of a total 110 housewives participated in this study, the attitude of housewife towards the drug use was good (59.1%), moderate (33.6%) and poor (7.3%), whereas the behavior was good (46.4%), moderate (52.7%) and poor (0.9%).

Conclusions: The majority of the respondents have moderate to good attitude as well as behavior toward the usage of NSAIDs and paracetamol as self-medication. Public health education and awareness are important to ensure safe and useful self-medication.


Keywords


Attitude; behavior; NSAIDs; paracetamol; self-medication

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aoyama I, Koyama S, Hibino H. Self-medication behaviors among Japanese consumers: sex, age, and SES differences and caregivers’ attitudes toward their children’s health management. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2012;11(1):7.

Du Y, Knopf H. Self-medication among children and adolescents in Germany: results of the National Health Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2009;68(4):599–608.

El Ezz NF, Ez-Elarab HS. Knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students towards self medication at Ain Shams University, Egypt. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011;52(4):196–200.

Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. Persentase penduduk yang mengobati sendiri selama sebulan terakhir menurut provinsi dan jenis obat yang digunakan, 2002-2018. Jakarta: BPS-Statistic Indonesia; 2019. [cited 2019 October 30] Available from: https://www.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2015/09/19/926/persentase-penduduk-yang-mengobati-sendiri-selama-sebulan-terakhir-menurut-provinsi-dan-jenis-obat-yang-digunakan-2002-2018.html

James H, Handu SS, Al Khaja KaJ, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among first-year medical students. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(4):270–5.

World Health Organization. WHO’s cancer pain ladder for adults; 2009. [cited 2019 October 30]. Available from: https://www.who.int/cancer/palliative/painladder/en/.

Chaerunissa AY, Surahman E, Imron SSH. Farmasetika dasar: konsep teoritis dan aplikasi pembuatan obat. Bandung, Indonesia: Widya Padjadjaran; 2009.

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee an Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education. Relieving pain in America: A blueprint for transforming prevention, care, education, and research. Washington DC: National Academies Press; 2011.

Abay SM, Amelo W. Assessment of self-medication practices among medical, pharmacy, and health science students in Gondar University, Ethiopia. J Young Pharm. 2010;2(3):306–10.

Bresalier RS, Sandler RS, Quan H, Bolognese JA, Oxenius B, Horgan K, et al. Cardiovascular events associated with rofecoxib in a colorectal adenoma chemoprevention trial. N Eng J Med. 2005;352(11):1092–102.

Süleyman H, Demircan B, Karagöz Y. Anti-inflammatory and side effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Pharmacol Rep. 2007;59(3):247–58.

Supardi S, Notosiswoyo M. Pengobatan sendiri sakit kepala, demam, batuk dan pilek pada masyarakat di Desa Ciwalen, Kecamatan Warungkondang, Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian. 2005;II(3):134-44

Suleman S, Ketsela A, Mekonnen Z. Assessment of self-medication practices in Assendabo town, Jimma zone, southwestern Ethiopia. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2009;5(1):76–81.

Kaushal J, Gupta M, Jindal P, Verma S. Self-medication patterns and drug use behavior in housewives belonging to the middle income group in a city in Northern India. Indian J Community Med. 2012;37(1):16–9.

Sarahroodi S, Maleki-Jamshid A, Sawalha AF, Mikaili P, Safaeian L. Pattern of self-medication with analgesics among Iranian University students in Central Iran. J Family Community Med. 2012;19(2):125–9.

Badiger S, Kundapur R, Jain A, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S, Thakolkaran N, et al. Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. Australas Med J. 2012;5(4):217–20.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15850/amj.v7n1.1721



 This Journal indexed by

                         

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats