Visual Acuity of Four-Wheeled Public Transport Drivers in Jatinangor

Feranika Feranika, Reni Farenia, Nina Ratnaningsih

Abstract


Background: The number of motor vehicles usage is increasing every year, along with the increasing prevalence of motor vehicle accidents, and mortality due to traffic accidents in 2010. The driver’s visual impairment is one factor that affects this phenomenon. In Indonesia there are regulations regarding the minimum requirements for visual acuity in order to get a driving license. However, data of driver’s visual acuity have not been obtained yet. This study aimed to assess the public transport (angkot) driver’s visual acuity. Thus, the regulation and evaluation of the minimum requirements for a driver’s visual acuity can be applied optimally.

Methods: This study used the categorical descriptive method with cross sectional design to assess visual acuity for four-wheeled motor vehicle (angkot) drivers in Jatinangor using RAAB E chart and pinhole. The variable that was described in this study was the visual acuity of 4-wheeled motor vehicle drivers in Jatinangor.

Results: Results showed 86.5% of drivers fulfilled the minimum requirements of visual acuity for driving. Meanwhile, the rest did not fulfill the minimum requirements of visual acuity for driving.

Conclusions: Most of the public transport drivers have already fulfilled the minimum requirement of visual acuity for driving. However the minimum requirement of visual acuity for drivers has not been implemented optimally since there were drivers who have not performed an eye examination when taking and extending their driving license.


Keywords


Drivers, visual acuity, visual impairment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik. Jumlah kecelakaan, korban mati, luka berat, luka ringan, dan kerugian materi yang diderita tahun 1992-2012. [2014 February 20]; Available from: www.bps.go.id.

Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia. Peraturan kepala kepolisian negara republik indonesia nomor 9 tahun 2012 tentang surat izin mengemudi; 2012.

Oladehinde MK, Adeoye AO, Adegbehingbe BO, Onakoya AO. Visual functions of commercial drivers in relation to road accidents in Nigeria. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2007;11(2):71–5.

Ayanniyi AA, Chikwe AC. Eye screening for automobile drivers: the need to make it mandatory eye test among automobile drivers. Sudanese J Public Health. 2012;7(2):41–6.

Resnikoff S, Pascolini D, Mariotti SP, Pokharel GP. Global magnitude of visual impairment caused by uncorrected refractive errors in 2004. Bulletin of the World Health Organization; 2008;86(1):63–70.

Ayanniyi AA, Folorunso FN, Adepoju FG. Refractive ocular conditions and reasons for spectacles renewal in a resource-limited economy. BioMed Central Ophthalmol. 2010;10(12):1–7.

Patel I, West SK. Presbyopia: prevalence, impact, and interventions. Community Eye Health. 2007;20(63):40–1.

Ayanniyi AA, Adepoju FG, Ayanniyi RO, Morgan RE. Challenges, attitudes and practices of the spectacle wearers in a resource-limited economy. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2010;17(1):83–7.

Ayanniyi AA, Fadamiro CO. Opinion of the patients on the free eye care intervention in a resource limited economy. Asian J Ophthalmol. 2009;11(2):91–5.

Schellini SA, Durkin SR, Hoyama E, Hirai F, Cordeiro R, Casson RJ. et. al. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment in a Brazilian population: the botucatu eye study. BioMed Central Ophthalmol. 2009;9(8):1–9.

Onakpoya OH, Adeoye AO, Akinsola FB, Adegbehingbe BO. Prevalence of blindness and visual impairment in Atakunmosa west local government area of Southwestern Nigeria. Tanzan Health Res Bull. 2007;9(2):126–31.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15850/amj.v5n3.1608



 

This Journal indexed by:

           

 

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats