Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection among University Freshmen Students Year 2016/2017

Hervina Agustinawaty, Bony Wiem Lestari, Rudi Wisaksana

Abstract


Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is one of the most serious public health and social problems in the world. Transmission of HIV occurs in the age group of 20 years or below. One of the ways to prevent HIV transmission is to improve the knowledge so the attitude and practice can be changed. The objectives of this study was to identify  the knowledge, attitude, and practice of HIV infection among university freshmen students year 2016/2017.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional quantitative study. Samples were selected using proportional random sampling and primary data were collected using questionnaires which were self-completed by 122 Universitas Padjadjaran freshmen students year 2016/2017 in November 2016. Questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic, knowledge, attitude, and practice data regarding to HIV infection. The collected data was analyzed dan presented in the form of tables and figure.

Results: Respondents had a median age criterion of 18 years, 52.5% were female, 73.8% high school originated outside Bandung and 19.4% knew information about HIV/AIDS through the internet. There were 18.9% of the respondents classified as having “Good” knowledge, 63.9% classified as “Satisfactory” and the other 17.2% were classified as having “Poor” knowledge of HIV. There were 52.5% respondents who had negative attitude towards HIV discussion and 96.7% of the respondents had good practice.

Conclusions: Lack of knowledge and negative attitude towards HIV infection and the presence of high risk practice for HIV infection demanded that students should receive reproduction health education to support the prevention of HIV infection.

 


Keywords


Attitude, HIV, knowledge, practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. Fact sheets: HIV/AIDS. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2016. [cited 2016 November 9]. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Final laporan perkembangan HIV AIDS triwulan 4. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2015.

Chen PF. HIV/AIDS prevention among young people in East and South-East Asia in the context of reproductive and sexual health. Asia-Pac Popul J. 2008;23(1):7–28 .

Barss P, Grivna M, Ganczak M, Bernsen R, Al-maskari F, Agab H El, et al. Effects of a rapid peer-based HIV/AIDS educational intervention on knowledge and attitudes of high school students in a high-income Arab Country. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009;52(1):86–98.

Shiferaw Y, Alemu A, Girma A, Getahun A, Kassa A, Gashaw A, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors towards HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted infection among preparatory students of Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2011;4(1):505–12.

Rose MS. African american college freshman students’ knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors related to HIV: a preliminary investigation. Internet J Allied Health Sci Pract. 2008;6(3):1540–80.

Tung W, Hu J, Thomas J, Yu L, Su W. HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours among college students in China. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2011;71(5):606–16.

Haroun D, El Saleh O, Wood L, Mechli R, Al Marzouqi N, Anouti S. Assessing knowledge of, and attitudes to, HIV/AIDS among University Students in the United Arab Emirates. PLoS One. 2016;11(2):1–11.

Hansson M, Stockfelt L, Urazalin M, Ahlm C. HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behavior among students in Semey, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2008;8(14):1–10.

Kejela G, Soboka B. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and preventive practices towards sexually transmitted infections among preparatory school students in Shone Town. J Health Med Inform. 2015;6(1):1–6.

Christiane NA, Roger ZM, Masika J, Zhang Y. HIV/AIDS prevalence, knowledge, attitudes and related behaviors among young people in Libreville, Gabon. IOSR J Hum Soc Sci. 2014;19(1):59–65.

Tan X, Pan J, Zhou D, Wang C, Xie C. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behaviors assessment of chinese students: a questionnaire study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2007;4(3):248–53.

Thanavanh B, Kasuya H, Sakamoto J. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among male high school students in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013;16(1):1–7.

Cai Y, Shi R, Shen T, Pei B, Jiang X, Ye X, et al. A study of HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude, and behaviors among female sex workers in Shanghai China. BMC Public Health. 2010;10(1):377–84


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



 

This Journal indexed by:

               

 

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats