Correlation between Heredity Factor and Menarcheal Age among Adolescent Aged 9–15 Years Old

Nurul Khotimah, R.M. Ryadi Fadil, Haryono Tansah

Abstract


Background: Menarche is a sign of maturity of the female reproductive function. It is influenced by many factors, such as heredity, general health status, nutrition, and socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation of heredity and menarcheal age.

Methods:This study was a cross-sectional analytic study conducted from September–October 2014 in Bandung using a multi-stage sampling technique and it was  conducted in twelve elementary schools and junior high schools. A total of 123 subjects were included in this study. The instrument of this study was questionnaire containing menarcheal age of subject, older sister, biological mother, and maternal grandmother. The data were analyzed using Spearman correlation and linear regression test with the level of significance was determined at p<0.05.

Results: Among 123 data, the majority of subjects had experienced menarche at the age of 11 (39%) and 12 years (36.6%) with an average of 11.46 years old. Based on the Spearman correlation and multiple linear regression tests, there was a correlation between heredity and menarcheal age. (P=0.00).

Conclusions: There is a correlation between heredity and menarcheal age, with the highest correlation is between subject’s and older sister’s menarcheal age.

 

DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n2.1081


Keywords


Adolescent, heredity, menarche

Full Text:

PDF

References


RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme III JW, Schor NF, Behrman RE, editors. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2011. p. 1208.

Jose RL Batubara, Frida Soesanti, van de Waal HD. Age at menarche in Indonesian girls: a national survey. Acta Med Indones. 2010;42(2):78–81.

Goyal R, Mehta P, Kaur G. Nutritional status and menarche in adolescents of Punjab. J Life Sci. 2012;4(1):63–6.

Elshiekh M, Mohammed AMA. Influence of socioeconomic status in the age at menarche and duration of menstrual bleeding. Mat Soc Med. 2011;25(4):195–9.

Anderson CA, Duffy DL, Martin NG, Visscher PM. Estimation of variance components for age at menarche in twin families. Behav Genet. 2007;37:668–77.

Morris DH, Jonesa ME, Schoemakera MJ, Ashworthb A, Swerdlowa AJ. Familial concordance for age at menarche: analyses from the breakthrough generations study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2011;25(3):306–11.

Styne DM, Grumbach MM. Puberty. In: Henry M. Kronenberg M, Shlomo Melmed M, Kenneth S. Polonsky M, P. Reed Larsen M, FACP, FRCP, editors. Williams textbook of endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2011. p. 969.

Khatoon T, Verma AK, Kumari R, Rupani R, Singh M, Rizvi A. Age at menarche and affecting bio-social factors among the girls of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. J Indian Acad Forensic Med. 2011;33(3):221–3.

Sunuwar L, Saha C, Dhungel KU. Age at menarche of subpopulation of Nepalese girls. Nepal Med Coll J. 2010;12(3):183–6.

Styne D. Puberty. In: Gardner DG, Shoback D, editors. Greenspan’s basic & clinical endocrinology. 9th ed. New York: Mc-Graw Hill; 2011. p. 454.

Joinson C, Heron J, Lewis G, Croudace T, Araya R. Timing of menarche and depressive symptoms in adolescent girls from UK cohort. Brit J Psychiat. 2011;198:17–23.

Tehrani FR, Mirmiran P, Zahedi-Asl S, Nakhoda K, Azizi F. Menarcheal age of mothers and daughters: Tehran lipid and glucose study. East Mediterr Health J. 2010;16(4):391–5.

Karapanou O, Papadimitriou A. Determinants of menarche. Reprod Bio Endocrinol. 2010;8:115–23.

Dvornyk V, Waqar-ul-Haq. Genetics of age at menarche: a systematic review. Hum Reprod Update. 2012;18(2):198–210.

Epplein M, Novotny R, Daida Y, Vijayadeva V, T. Onaka A, Marchand L. Association of maternal and intrauterine characteristics with age at menarche in a multiethnic population in Hawaii. Cancer Causes Control. 2011;21(2):259–268.

Ersoy B, Balkan C, Gunay T., Egemen A. The factors affecting the relation between the menarcheal age of mother and daughter. Child Care Health Dev. 2005;31(3): 303–8.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15850/amj.v4n2.1081

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



 

This Journal indexed by:

               

 

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats