Elderly’s Expectations of Services in Integrated Health Post (Posbindu): A Qualitative Study

Destyana Wulandari Azana, Sharon Gondodiputro, Didah Didah

Abstract


Many factors influence the compliance of the elderly to visit the Integrated Health Post (Posbindu). One factor that needs to be explored is the expectation of the elderly on the services in this post. Expectations that are met with performance will create satisfaction, leading to a regular visit to the Posbindu. This study aimed to explore the expectations of the elderly towards services provided in the Posbindu. A qualitative phenomenology study using a in-depth interview was conducted to 8 elderly informants from 7 Posbindu from 7 public health centers (Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat, Puskesmas) who were selected by purposive sampling in Bandung City. Posbindu and Puskesmas was selected in a simple random manner. The study was conducted from July to October 2018. Explored concepts were structure, process, and output of expectations. The collected data was processed by coding and categorization.This study discovered that the structural expectation covered three subthemes, namely accessibility, human resources, and facilities. The process expectation was formed by three subthemes: behavior and communication skills of the cadres; behavior and communication skills of the health providers; consultation and treatment. The output expectation was formed by three categories, including information about their illness, controlled disease, and the desire to stay healthy. This study discovered 3 new categories from several subthemes of the health care provided in the Posbindu, i.e. free services, attendance of a doctor, and medicine prescription. In conclusion, the expectation of the elderly towards the health services at the Posbindu has been identified.

 

Ekspektasi Lansia terhadap Pelayanan di Posbindu

Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi kepatuhan lansia untuk datang ke Pos Pembinaan Terpadu (Posbindu). Salah satu faktor yang perlu digali adalah harapan para lansia. Harapan sesuai dengan kenyataan akan menciptakan kepuasan, yang mengarah ke kunjungan rutin ke Posbindu. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengeksplorasi harapan para lansia terhadap layanan di Posbindu. Penelitian fenomenologis kualitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan wawancara mendalam kepada 8 informan lansia dari 7 Posbindu (dari 7 Puskesmas) yang dipilih secara purposive sampling di Kota Bandung. Pemilihan Posbindu dan Puskesmas dilakukan secara acak sederhana. Studi ini dilakukan dari Juli hingga Oktober 2018. Konsep yang dieksplorasi adalah struktur, proses, dan output dari harapan. Data yang dikumpulkan, diproses dengan pengkodean dan kategorisasi. Penelitian ini menemukan harapan struktural dicakup oleh tiga sub-tema, yaitu aksesibilitas, sumber daya manusia, dan fasilitas. Harapan proses dibentuk oleh tiga sub-tema, yaitu perilaku dan komunikasi kader; perilaku dan komunikasi tenaga kesehatan; konsultasi dan perawatan. Harapan masukan dibentuk oleh tiga kategori, termasuk informasi tentang penyakit mereka, penyakit terkendali, dan keinginan untuk tetap sehat. Studi ini menemukan 3 kategori baru dari beberapa subtema yaitu tidak perlu membayar , kehadiran dokter, dan pemberian obat. Simpulan, harapan lansia terhadap layanan kesehatan di Posbindu telah diidentifikasi.


Keywords


Elderly, expectation, Posbindu

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. World report on health and aging. Geneva: WHO; 2015.

Villar F. Successful ageing and development: the contribution of generativity in older age. Ageing Soc. 2012;32(7):1087–105.

Hajek A, Brettschneider C, Mallon T, Der Leeden C Van, Mamone S, Wiese B, et al. How does social support affect functional impairment in late life? Findings of a multicenter prospective cohort study in Germany. Age Ageing. 2017;46(5):813–20.

Pratono AH, Maharani A. Long-term care in Indonesia: The role of integrated service post for elderly. J Aging Health. 2018;30(10):1556–73.

Indonesian Ministry of Health. Pedoman pengelolaan kegiatan kesehatan di kelompok lanjut usia. Jakarta: Kemenkes; 2010.

Suparto, TA, Sunjaya DK, Susanti R. Factors that affect posbindus’ performance in Dayeuhkolot Kabupaten Bandung. J Phys Conf Ser. 2016;755(1):1–6.

Arpan I, Sunarti S. Faktor frekuensi kunjungan lansia ke posyandu lansia di Kecamatan Pontianak Timur. J Vokasi Kesehat. 2017;3(2):92.

Bowling A, Rowe G. Psychometric properties of the new patients ’ expectations questionnaire. Patient Exp J. 2014;1(1):111–30.

Ahmed S, Tarique KM, Arif I. Service quality, patient satisfaction and loyalty in the Bangladesh healthcare sector. Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2017;30(5):477–88.

Williams S, Weinman J, Dale J, Newman S. Patient expectations: What do primary care patients want from the GP and how far does meeting expectations affect patient satisfaction? Fam Pract. 1995;12(2):193–201.

Qazi A, Tamjidyamcholo A, Raj RG, Hardaker G, Standing C. Assessing consumers’ satisfaction and expectations through online opinions: Expectation and disconfirmation approach. Comput Human Behav. 2017;75(2017):450–60.

Jaworski M, Rzadkiewicz M, Adamus M, Chylinska J, Lazarewicz M, Haugan G, et al. Primary care patients’ expectations regarding medical appointments and their experiences during a visit: Does age matter? Patient Prefer Adherence. 2017;11:1221–33.

Asadi-Lari M, Tamburini M, Gray D. Patients’ needs, satisfaction, and health related quality of life: Towards a comprehensive model. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2004;2:1–15.

Arimby A, Apriningsih. Determinan kunjungan lansia ke Posbindu Senja Sejahtera Cinere, Depok tahun 2015. 2016;12(1):42–54.

Alhidayati. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku kunjungan lansia ke posyandu lansia di Puskesmas Kampar Kabupaten Kampar Tahun 2013. J Kesehat Komunitas. 2014;2(5):220–4.

Madyaningrum E, Chuang YC, Chuang KY. Factors associated with the use of outpatient services among the elderly in Indonesia. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018;18(1):707.

Michael M, Schaffer SD, Egan PL, Little BB, Pritchard PS. Improving wait times and patient satisfaction in primary care. J Healthc Qual. 2013;35(2):50–60.

Wahyuni ID, Aini A, Rahmiwati A. Analysis of elderly participation in health development activities at the working area of Puskesmas Sekarjaya Ogan Komering Ulu Regency. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2016;7(2):96–107.

Koops van ’t Jagt R, de Winter AF, Reijneveld SA, Hoeks JCJ, Jansen CJM. Development of a communication intervention for older adults with limited health literacy: photo stories to support doctor–patient communication. J Health Commun. 2016;21(Suppl2):69–82.

Tamsuri A, Arismadani Y. Gambaran tingkat kepuasan lansia terhadap pelayanan posyandu lansia. AKP. 2014;5(2):39–47.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15395/mkb.v51n4.1786

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



 

This Journal indexed by

                    

  


Creative Commons License
MKB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats