Efektivitas Oksigenasi dan Ventilasi Saat Induksi Anestesi Umum Menggunakan Masker Bedah Dinilai berdasar atas SpO2 dan EtCO2

Linggih Panji Nugraha, Ezra Oktaliansah, Ricky Aditya

Abstract


Anestesiolog memiliki risiko tinggi terpapar aerosol pada saat melakukan tindakan ventilasi maupun intubasi. Anestesiolog harus dapat melakukan ventilasi dengan baik selama induksi anestesi umum. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui efektivitas oksigenasi dan ventilasi saat induksi anestesi umum pada pasien yang menggunakan masker bedah dinilai berdasar atas SpO2 dan EtCO2. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analisis numerik berpasangan dengan rancangan eksperimental pada pasien yang dilakukan operasi elektif dengan anestesi umum di Instalasi Bedah Sentral RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan November–Desember 2020. Selama induksi anestesi, pasien menggunakan masker bedah kemudian dilakukan penilaian SpO2 dan EtCO2 pada saat sebelum induksi dan selama induksi menit ke-1, 2, dan 3. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan nilai SpO2 dan EtCOpreinduksi dan pada menit ke-1, 2, dan 3 diperoleh nilai rerata SpO2 dan EtCO2 induksi menit ke-1, ke-2, dan ke-3 tidak lebih inferior dibanding dengan nilai pra induksi (p<0,05) dengan nilai rerata SpO2 dan EtCO2 dalam batas normal.Simpulan penelitian adalah penggunaan masker bedah selama induksi tidak mengurangi efektivitas oksigenasi dan ventilasipada pasien yang dilakukan anestesi umum dinilai berdasar atas SpO2 dan EtCO2.

 

Effectiveness of Oxygenation and Ventilation During General Anesthesia Induction Using Surgical Mask Assessed by SpO2 and EtCO2

 

Anesthesiologist have high risk for exposure of aerosol during ventilation or intubation. They must do ventilation during induction of general anesthesia effectively. The study was aimed to know how effective the oxygenation and ventilation during induction of general anesthesia while using surgical mask assessed by SpO2 and EtCO2. The research was a numerical analytic with experimental design performed on elective surgery patients done by general anesthesia in central operating theatre Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in November–December 2020. During induction of anesthesia, patient were using surgical mask and assessment of SpO2 and EtCO2 was done before induction and during induction in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd minute induction. The result of the study revealed SpO2 and EtCOpreinduction and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd minute induction had SpO2 and EtCO2 value in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd minute induction not inferior to pre induction value, with SpO2 and EtCO2 value within normal limit.The study has concluded that using surgical mask during induction does not decrease the effectiveness of oxygenation and ventilation in patient with general anesthesia assessed by SpO2 and EtCO2.


Keywords


Efektivitas oksigenasi, efektivitas ventilasi, EtCO2, masker bedah, SpO2

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v9n2.2401



 

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