Efek Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (EMLA) terhadap Nyeri Penyuntikan Jarum Spinal

Yuanda Rizawan Putra, Doddy Tavianto, Dewi Yulianti Bisri

Abstract


Eutectic mixtures of local anaesthetics (EMLA) dapat mengurangi nyeri akibat penyuntikan jarum spinal. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui efek EMLA terhadap nyeri saat penyuntikan jarum spinal. Metode penelitian adalah eksperimental secara acak terkontrol buta ganda pada pasien yang menjalani operasi elektif dalam anestesi spinal di ruang operasi sentral RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dari bulan September hingga Oktober 2019. Data penilaian skor nyeri dilakukan setelah penyuntikan jarum spinal menggunakan Numeric pain rating score yang dianalisis dengan Uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil perhitungan statistik diperoleh Skor nyeri setelah aplikasi EMLA lebih rendah dibanding dengan skor nyeri (1 vs 4) dengan perbedaan yang sangat bermakna (p<0,001). Simpulan penelitian ini menunjukkan EMLA dapat mengurangi nyeri saat penyuntikan jarum spinal.

Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics (EMLA) Effect on Spinal Neddle Injection Pain

Eutectic mixtures of local anesthetics can reduce pain caused by spinal injections. The purpose of this study was to understand the effect of EMLA on spinal injection pain. This was an experimental randomized single blind study involving all patients who underwent spinal anesthesia from September–October 2019 in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. Pain score assessment was performed right after spinal injection using the numeric pain rating score. Data were then analyzed with Mann-Whitney test. Results showed that injection pain score in patients using EMLA was lower (1 vs 4) than patients who did not use EMLA (p<0.001). Therefore, EMLA can reduce spinal injection pain.


Keywords


Anestesi spinal, eutectic mixture of local anesthetics, nyeri, numeric pain rating score, nyeri

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v7n3.1833



 

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