Tata laksana Pasien Gravida 29–30 Minggu dengan Gagal Napas ec. Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis yang Diperberat dengan Community Acquired Pneumonia

Mariko Gunadi, Suwarman Suwarman, Nurita Dian Kestriani S

Abstract


Penatalaksanaan sakit kritis pada wanita hamil memiliki karakteristik yang unik karena  perubahan fisiologi selama kehamilan dan janin yang berkembang dalam uterus yang mendapat implikasi yang signifikan. Pada kasus ini, seorang perempuan 27 tahun yang sedang hamil gemeli usia kehamilan 29–30 minggu datang ke Instalasi Gawat Darurat (IGD) Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung dengan keluhan utama kelemahan keempat anggota gerak. Hasil pemeriksaan laboratorium didapatkan kadar kalium sangat rendah dan didiagnosis dengan hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Pasien mengalami gagal napas  sehingga dilakukan intubasi dan diberikan bantuan ventilasi mekanik, kemudian dirawat di Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Gagal napas disertai penyulit community acquired pneumonia. Tata laksana ventilasi mekanik pada wanita hamil di ICU bersifat suportif dengan teknik sama seperti pada pasien tidak hamil, namun memiliki target khusus yang berbeda. Monitoring fetal heart rate (FHR) dapat mencerminkan kesejahteraan janin dan kondisi ibu. Tujuan penulisan laporan kasus ini adalah mengetahui pentingnya target pemberian ventilasi mekanik dan melakukan monitoring FHR pada pasien hamil di ICU.


Keywords


Gagal napas; gravida; hypokalemic periodic paralysis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15851/jap.v7n2.1774


 

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