Relationship between Physical Activity, Anthropometry, and Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second with 6-Minute Walk Distance in Elderly

Irna Purnamasari Sukarya, Vitriana Vitriana, Tertianto Prabowo


Objective: To examine the correlation between physical activity using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), anthropometry (body mass index/BMI), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) value with six-minute walk distance in healthy community-dwelling elderly.

Methods: A cross-sectional design study with consecutive sampling was conducted. This study included sixty nine participants (30 males and 39 females), aged ≥60 years who lives at Batununggal region in Bandung, Indonesia. The data was analyzed statistically by using normality, correlation, and multiple regresion tests.

Results: The results showed that there was a correlation between six-minute walk distance and BMI in females (p=0.006), and FEV1 value in males (p=0.010). No significant correlation was found between GPAQ value and six-minute walk distance in females (p=0.4074) and in males (p=0.0926).

Conclusions: There was a correlation between anthropometry and FEV1 value with six-minute walk distance in healthy elderly. There was no significant correlation between physical activity and six-minute walk distance.

Keywords: Anthropometric measurement, FEV1, physical activity, six-minute walk distance


DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v5n1.963

Full Text:



Milanović Z, Pantelić S, Trajković N, Sporiš G, Kostić R, James N. Age-related decrease in physical activity and functional fitness among elderly men and women. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:549–56.

Bautmans I, Lambert M, MetsT. The six-minute walk test in community dwelling elderly: influence of health status. BMC Geriatrics [serial on the internet]. 2004 July [cited 2016 Aug 12];4(6):[about 9p.]. Available from:

Leyk D, Rüther T, Wunderlich M, Sievert A, Essfeld D, Witzki A, et al. Physical performance in middle age and old age: good news for our sedentary and aging society. Dtsch Ärztbl Int. 2010;107(46):809–16.

Rick O, Metz T, Eberlein M, Schirren J, Bölükbas S. The six-minute-walk test in assessing respiratory function after tumor surgery of the lung: a cohort study. J Thorac Dis. 2014;6(5):421–8.

Pruthi N, MultaniNK. Influence of age on lung function tests. J Exercise Sci Physiother. 2012;8(1):1–6.

Bull FC, Maslin, TS, Armstrong T. Global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ): nine country reliability and validity study. J Phys Act Health. 2009;6(6):790–804.

Hoos T, Espinoza N, Marshall S, Arredondo EM. Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in adult Latinas. J Phys Act Health. 2012;9(5):698–705.

Rao NA, Irfan M, Haque AS, Zubairi ABS, Awan S. Six-minute walk test performance in healthy adult Pakistani volunteers. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2013;23(10):720–5.

Dourado VZ. Reference equations for the 6-minute walk test in healthy individuals. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010:25(1):1–11.

Steffens D, Beckenkamp PR, Hancock M, Paiva DN, Alison JA, Menna-Barreto SS. Activity level predicts 6-minute walk distance in healthy older females: an observational study. Physiotherapy. 2012;99(1):21–6.

Camarri B, Eastwood PR, Cecins NM, Thompson PJ, Jenkins S. Six minute walk distance in healthy subjects aged 55–75 years. Respir Med. 2006;100(4):658–65.

Suwanachaiy S, Kulaputana O, ChaiwanichsiriD. Walk performance in Thai men and women: physical activity dependence. Asian Biomed. 2010;4(1):87–93.

Neto GAM, de Leon AP,Lira VA, Farinatti PTV.Assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness without exercise in elderly men with chronic cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. J Aging Res. 2012;2(8):1–6.

Nusdwinuringtyas N, Widjajalaksmi, Yunus F, Alwi I. Reference equation for prediction of a total distance during six-minute walk test using Indonesian anthropometrics. Acta Med Indones. 2014;46(2):9–6.

Sumirta IN. Implikasi gender terhadap kesehatan lansia. Bunga Rampai Kesehatan Lansia, http:/ramakrisnahareblogspotcoid. 2011.

Cleland CL, Hunter RF, Kee F, Cupples ME, Sallis JF, Tully MA. Validity of the global physical activity questionnaire (GPAQ) in assessing levels and change in moderate-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behaviour. BMC Public Health. 2014;14(1):1–11.

Santana P, Cintra RM, Rodrigues F. Correlation study on the results from measures of function and functionality tests of Portuguese COPD patients. Professional Assignment Project III-2. 2009:1–5.

Yusuff MR, Hussain MR, Norazizan S. Anthropometry dimensions of older Malaysians: comparison of age, gender and ethnicity. Asian Social Sci. 2009;5(6):133–40.

Albanese E, Davis B, Jonsson PV, Chang M, Aspelund T, Garcia M, et al. Overweight and obesity in midlife and brain structure and dementia 26 years later: the AGES-Reykjavik study. Am J Epidemiol. 2015;181(9):672–9.

Poh H, Eastwood PR, Cecins NM, Ho KT, Jenkins SC. Six-minute walk distance in healthy Singaporean adults cannot be predicted using reference equations derived from Caucasian populations. Respirology. 2006;11(2):211–6.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal indexed by:



Creative Commons License
IJIHS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

View My Stats