Correlation between Handgrip Strength with Mobilization Function, Physical Activity Level, and Muscle Mass in Community-Dwelling Elderly in Bandung, West Java Province, Indonesia

Sari Sekarsari, Vitriana Vitriana, Irma Ruslina Defi

Abstract


Objective: To investigate the correlation between handgrip strength with mobilization function, PAL, and muscle mass in community-dwelling Indonesian elderly.

Methods: A cross-sectional study which enrolled 193 subjects aged 60–90 years. Handgrip strength was measured using handgrip dynamometer while the mobilization function was assessed by performing gait speed test. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was used to assess the participant PAL and Bio Impedance Analyzer was used to measure the participant muscle mass based on skeletal mass index.

Results: There were significant positive correlation between handgrip strength with walking speed (rs. 0.501; p. 0.00), PAL (rs. 0.153; p. 0.03), and muscle mass (rs. 0,452; p. 0,00) was considered statistically significant.

Conclusion: Stronger handgrip determined greater mobilization function, physical activity level, and bigger muscle mass in community-dwelling Indonesian elderly. 

Keywords: Gait speed, handgrip strength, muscle mass, physical activity

Keywords


Gait speed, handgrip strength, muscle mass, physical activity

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