Sweet Taste Threshold among Medical Students with Family History of Diabetes Mellitus

Nasya Aisah Latif, Yulia Sofiatin, Maya Kusumawati, Rully Marsis Amirullah Roesli

Abstract


Background: Diabetic patients have low sensitivity towards sweet taste, thus consuming more sugar. A young adult with family history of diabetes mellitus (FHD) who lives with diabetic parents may have an increased risk of overconsumption of sugar due to a similar dietary pattern, leading to diabetes. This study aimed to explore the difference in the sweet taste threshold (STT) between students with and without a family history of diabetes mellitus.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in October –November 2018 on Class 2018 medical students living in a student dormitory who were divided into those with family history of diabetes (FHD) and those without it (non-FHD). Family history of diabetes and other known diseases were self-reported. The three-Ascending Forced Choice method was used to determine the sweet recognition threshold. Mann-Whitney analysis was used to compare the sweet taste thresholds between the two groups.

Result: A total of 183 subjects participated in this study. The non-FHD group had a higher rank of sweet taste threshold than subjects in the FHD group (94.21 vs 81.16), albeit insignificant (p=0.192). Interestingly, the modes of best estimation threshold (BET) for non-FHD group was than the FHD group (0.067 M vs 0.043 M).

Conclusion: The BET for students without family history of diabetes is higher than those with family history of diabetes. It is imperative that low sugar consumption campaign should also aim young people without FHD.

 


Keywords


Diabetes, medical student, sugar campaign, sweet taste threshold

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kementrian Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Hasil Utama RISKESDAS 2018. 2018. p. 200.

IDF. Diabetes Atlas Eighth edition 2017. International Diabetes Federation. 2017.

Papazafiropoulou A, Papanas N, Melidonis A, Maltezos E. Family History of Type 2 Diabetes: Does Having a Diabetic Parent Increase the Risk? Curr Diabetes Rev. 2015;13(1):19–25.

Dash DK, Choudhury AK, Singh M, Mangaraj S, Mohanty BK, Baliarsinha AK. Effect of parental history of diabetes on markers of inflammation, insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in first degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Metab Syndr Clin Res Rev. 2018;12(3):285–9.

Sami W, Ansari T, Butt NS, Rashid M, Hamid A. Effect of diet on type 2 diabetes mellitus : A review. Int J Heal Sci. 2017;11(2):65–71.

Yolanda V, Antono L, Kurniati A. Sensory Evaluation of Sweet Taste and Daily Sugar Intake in Normoglycemic Individuals with and without Family History of Type 2 Diabetes : A Comparative Cross-sectional Study. Int J Diabetes Res. 2017;6(3):54–62.

Garcia-Bailo B, Toguri C, Eny KM, El-Sohemy A. Genetic Variation in Taste and Its Influence on Food Selection. J Integr Biol. 2008;13(1):69–80.

Lawless HT, Heymann H. Sensory Evaluation of Food. Second Edi. Heldman DR, editor. Springer; 2010.

Khera S, Saigal A. Assessment and Evaluation of Gustatory in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II : A Study. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2018;22(2):204–7.

Patel SA, Dhillon PK, Kondal D, Jeemon P, Kahol K, Manimunda SP, et al. Chronic disease concordance within Indian households: A cross-sectional study. PLoS Med. 2017;14(9):1–16.

Puputti S, Aisala H, Hoppu U, Sandell M. Factors explaining individual differences in taste sensitivity and taste modality recognition among Finnish adults. J Sens Stud. 2019;34(4).

Vignini A, Borroni F, Sabbatinelli J, Pugnaloni S, Alia S, Taus M, et al. General decrease of taste sensitivity is related to increase of BMI: A simple method to monitor eating behavior. Dis Markers. 2019;2019:1–8.

Chéruel F, Jarlier M, Sancho-Garnier H. Effect of Cigarette Smoke on Gustatory Sensitivity, Evaluation of the Deficit and of the Recovery Time-Course After Smoking Cessation. Tob Induc Dis. 2017;15(1):1–8.

Silva CS, Dias VR, Regis Almeida JA, Brazil JM, Santos RA, Milagres MP. Effect of heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages on the perception of sweet and salty taste. Oxford Univ Press. 2016;51(3):302–6.

Lawson WB, Zeidler A, Rubenstein A. Taste detection and preferences in diabetics and their relatives. Psychosom Med. 1979 May;41(3):219–27.

Narayan VKM, Williams D, Gregg EW, Cowie CC, editors. Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy. Oxford University Press; 2011. 493–496 p.

Joshi S, Ashok P, Kharche J, Godbole G. Study of relation between family history of diabetes mellitus and awareness of diabetes mellitus in Pune urban population. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2018;8(9):1418.

Choi J, Choi JY, Lee SA, Lee KM, Shin A, Oh J, et al. Association between family history of diabetes and clusters of adherence to healthy behaviors: Cross-sectional results from the health examinees-gem (hexa-g) study. BMJ Open. 2019;9(6):1–13.

Wise PM, Nattress L, Flammer LJ, Beauchamp GK. Reduced dietary intake of simple sugars alters perceived sweet taste intensity but not perceived pleasantness. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;103(1):50–60.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15850/amj.v7n4.1940



 This Journal indexed by

                         

Creative Commons License
AMJ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

 


View My Stats